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Pineda-Galdamez v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 22, 2010
404 F. App'x 217 (9th Cir. 2010)


No. 09-71598.

Submitted November 16, 2010.

The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).

Filed November 22, 2010.

Claudia Veronica Pineda-Galdamez, Los Angeles, CA, pro se.

Oil, Channah Farber, DOJ-U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, Ronald E. Lefevre, Office of the District Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, for Respondent.

On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. Agency No. A097-318-656.

Before: TASHIMA, BERZON, and CLIFTON, Circuit Judges.


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.

Claudia Veronica Pineda-Galdamez, a native and citizen of El Salvador, petitions pro se for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' order dismissing her appeal from an immigration judge's decision denying her application for asylum and withholding of removal. We have jurisdiction pursuant to 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review for substantial evidence, Lim v. INS, 224 F.3d 929, 933 (9th Cir. 2000), and we deny the petition for review.

Substantial evidence supports the agency's determination that Pineda-Galdamez did not establish past persecution based on her sexual assault by four gang members because she failed to show a nexus between the harm she suffered and one of the statutorily protected grounds. See Sangha v. INS, 103 F.3d 1482, 1489 (9th Cir. 1997) (a petitioner cannot establish a nexus to a protected ground by inference "unless the inference is one that is clearly to be drawn from the facts in evidence"). As this incident and retaliatory harassment for reporting the crime is the only basis for petitioner's claim of past persecution and of a well-founded fear of future persecution, her asylum claim fails. See id.

Because Pineda-Galdamez did not establish eligibility for asylum, it necessarily follows that she did not satisfy the more stringent standard for withholding of removal. See Zehatye v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 1182, 1190 (9th Cir. 2006).

Pineda-Galdamez's due process contentions that the BIA failed to fully articulate its reasons for denial, did not perform the minimal review necessary, and did not refer correctly to or explicitly adopt the IJ's opinion are belied by the record.


Summaries of

Pineda-Galdamez v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 22, 2010
404 F. App'x 217 (9th Cir. 2010)
Case details for

Pineda-Galdamez v. Holder

Case Details

Full title:Claudia Veronica PINEDA-GALDAMEZ, Petitioner, v. Eric H. HOLDER, Jr.…

Court:United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

Date published: Nov 22, 2010


404 F. App'x 217 (9th Cir. 2010)