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Phillips Correctional Institute v. Yarbrough

Court of Appeals of Georgia
Mar 21, 2001
248 Ga. App. 693 (Ga. Ct. App. 2001)


deferring to the Board's finding that the claimant's employment had exposed him to the conditions that resulted in a heart attack

Summary of this case from Harris v. Peach County Bd.



DECIDED: MARCH 21, 2001.

Workers' compensation. Gwinnett Superior Court. Before Judge Jackson.

Thurbert E. Baker, Attorney General, Daniel M. Formby, Deputy Attorney General, Sartain, McKay Crowell, Frank R. McKay, for appellants.

Mark Harper, for appellee.

Jeffrey Yarbrough worked as a prison guard at Phillips Correctional Institute. While on duty, Yarbrough suffered a cardiac dysrhythmia and died. Yarbrough's widow claimed entitlement to workers' compensation benefits, alleging that her husband's death was caused by job-related stress. Following a hearing on the matter, the State Board of Workers' Compensation awarded benefits, and the award was affirmed by the superior court. We granted the employer's application for discretionary appeal and, for reasons that follow, we affirm.

In reviewing an award of workers' compensation benefits, we construe the evidence in the light most favorable to the prevailing party, and we will affirm the award if there is any evidence to support it. So viewed, the evidence shows that, on May 11, 1997, Jeffrey Yarbrough arrived at work at approximately 5:45 a.m. Yarbrough, who was assigned to the mental health unit, went from cell to cell to check on the inmates. He then served the inmates breakfast. While performing his job, Yarbrough walked up and down several flights of stairs. After serving breakfast, Yarbrough was sweating profusely and complained to a co-worker that he did not feel well. He then collapsed and was taken to Gwinnett Medical Center where he was pronounced dead. An autopsy attributed Yarbrough's death to cardiac dysrhythmia secondary to an enlarged heart.

Olde South Custom Landscaping v. Mathis, 229 Ga. App. 316( 494 S.E.2d 14)(1997).

Yarbrough's widow, as claimant, sought payment of workers' compensation benefits, asserting that her husband's death arose out of and in the course of his employment. At the administrative hearing, Dr. Kris Sperry and Dr. A. Gordon Brandau provided expert opinions regarding the cause of Yarbrough's death. Both doctors agreed that Yarbrough's systemic hypertension coupled with his obesity caused him to have a severely enlarged heart, which predisposed him to sudden, lethal heart rhythm disturbances. The doctors disagreed, however, on whether Yarbrough's work was a contributing factor. According to Dr. Sperry, "but for the physical and mental stress [Yarbrough] experienced at work on that day, he should not have died at that time." Dr. Brandau, on the other hand, concluded that Yarbrough's death was solely attributable to the state of his heart.

In finding in favor of the claimant, the administrative law judge (ALJ) determined that, although Yarbrough was certainly predisposed to a cardiac arrhythmia by his enlarged heart caused by his hypertension and his hyperlipidemia, . . . the greater weight of the evidence supports a finding that his work was a contributing precipitating factor. Thus, the ALJ concluded that Yarbrough sustained a compensable injury. On appeal, the employer argues that the evidence did not support the ALJ's finding of a compensable, work-related injury. We disagree.

Pursuant to O.C.G.A. § 34-9-1 (4), an injury shall not include

heart disease, heart attack, the failure or occlusion of any of the coronary blood vessels, stroke, or thrombosis unless it is shown by a preponderance of competent and credible evidence, which shall include medical evidence, that any of such conditions were attributable to the performance of the usual work of employment.

It is evident from this language that the legislature intended that the compensable heart injury be the exception rather than the rule. Under our workers' compensation system, however, determining whether such heart injury falls within this exception remains the function of the fact finder.

Guye v. Home Indem. Co., 241 Ga. 213, 214-215 ( 244 S.E.2d 864)(1978).

As our Supreme Court has recognized, in "heart attack" cases, it often is

difficult for the trier of fact to find the line between a noncompensable heart injury that is a symptom of an existing disease merely manifested during job exertion, and a compensable heart injury to which the job exertion was a contributing, precipitating factor.

Id. at 215.

Once the trier of fact has found that line, we must affirm if there is any evidence to support the fact-finder's determination. Here, Dr. Sperry's testimony provides such evidence.

See id.

The employer argues that, in order to find Yarbrough's death compensable, we must conclude that it is compensable as an aggravation of a pre-existing condition. According to the employer, the law does not permit recovery in workers' compensation for the aggravation of an underlying heart condition. Again, we disagree.

It is well-settled that work need only be a contributing factor to a heart injury in order for that injury to be compensable. In this case, there is some evidence that Yarbrough's work contributed to his death from his heart condition, and "[t]he fact-finding body must in this event remain the final arbiter of the compensability of the attack, and of whether the disability arose out of the employment as well as in the course of it." Thus, we affirm. Judgment affirmed. Andrews, P.J., and Ellington, J., concur.

See Sewell v. Bill Johnson Motors, 213 Ga. App. 853(1) ( 446 S.E.2d 239)(1994); Southwire Co. v. Eason, 181 Ga. App. 708 ( 353 S.E.2d 567)(1987); Carter v. Kansas City Fire c. Co., 138 Ga. App. 601( 226 S.E.2d 755)(1976) (physical precedent only).

Cox v. Employers Mut. Liab. Ins. Co., 122 Ga. App. 659, 660-661( 178 S.E.2d 287)(1970).

See Eason, supra at 709 ("Since there was competent and credible evidence to support the award of the ALJ, we must affirm").


Summaries of

Phillips Correctional Institute v. Yarbrough

Court of Appeals of Georgia
Mar 21, 2001
248 Ga. App. 693 (Ga. Ct. App. 2001)

deferring to the Board's finding that the claimant's employment had exposed him to the conditions that resulted in a heart attack

Summary of this case from Harris v. Peach County Bd.
Case details for

Phillips Correctional Institute v. Yarbrough

Case Details


Court:Court of Appeals of Georgia

Date published: Mar 21, 2001


248 Ga. App. 693 (Ga. Ct. App. 2001)
548 S.E.2d 424

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