Argued and Submitted November 2, 2010.
Filed November 17, 2010.
John Phet, Eloy, AZ, pro se.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington, Ronald B. Leighton, District Judge, Presiding. D.C. No. 3:07-CV-05493-RBL.
Before: B. FLETCHER, FERNANDEZ, and BYBEE, Circuit Judges.
This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. Rule 36-3.
John Phet appeals the district court's denial of his petition for habeas corpus relief. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254. We affirm.
Phet asserts that the state trial court's admission of expert testimony on gangs and Phet's gang affiliation violated his constitutional rights as a matter of "clearly established Federal law, as determined by the Supreme Court of the United States." 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d)(1); see also Richter v. Hickman, 578 F.3d 944, 950-51 (9th Cir. 2009) (en banc). We disagree.
He asserts that his rights under the First (associational rights) and Fourteenth (due process rights) Amendments to the United States Constitution were violated.
Initially, we were inclined to hold, as did the district court, that Phet failed to exhaust his state remedies regarding that claim. Although he did most likely present the First Amendment portion of his claim to the Washington Court of Appeals, which, in any event, decided the issue, it is at least questionable whether he presented that claim to the Washington Supreme Court, as he was required to, and even less likely that he presented his due process claim to either court. Nevertheless, we need not decide that issue because, in any event, we can deny the petition on the merits. We will do so. Simply put, we do not sit to parse state evidentiary rulings, except for the limited purpose of ascertaining whether the admission of evidence was so lacking in a nexus to the issues of the case that the trial was rendered fundamentally unfair, or that the evidence bore no relationship to the issue being tried. Given the evidence in this case, we cannot say that either exception applies to the admission of the gang expert testimony (including the admission of photographs of Phet, which illustrated his gang affiliation). In fine, the decisions of the Washington state courts were not objectively unreasonable. See Lockyer v. Andrade, 538 U.S. 63, 76, 123 S.Ct. 1166, 1175, 155 L.Ed.2d 144 (2003); Williams v. Taylor, 529 U.S. 362, 409-10,120 S.Ct. 1495, 1521-22, 146 L.Ed.2d 389 (2000). Thus, the district court did not err.
See Duncan v. Walker, 533 U.S. 167, 178-79, 121 S.Ct. 2120, 2127-28, 150 L.Ed.2d 251 (2001); Duncan v. Henry, 513 U.S. 364, 366, 115 S.Ct. 887, 888, 130 L.Ed.2d 865 (1995); Cook v. Schriro, 538 F.3d 1000, 1025 (9th Cir. 2008); Castillo v. McFadden, 399 F.3d 993, 998-99 (9th Cir. 2005); Hiivala v. Wood, 195 F.3d 1098, 1106 (9th Cir. 1999).
See Greene v. Lambert, 288 F.3d 1081, 1086 (9th Cir. 2002).
See Jammal v. Van de Kamp, 926 F.2d 918, 920 (9th Cir. 1991); see also Dowling v. United States, 493 U.S. 342, 352-53, 110 S.Ct. 668, 674, 107 L.Ed.2d 708 (1990); Butchery. Marquez, 758 F.2d 373, 378 (9th Cir. 1985).
Phet also asks us to consider and resolve an uncertified issue regarding exclusion of some evidence. We decline so to do. See Slack v. McDaniei, 529 U.S. 473, 483-84, 120 S.Ct. 1595, 1603-04, 146 L.Ed.2d 542 (2000); Rhoades v. Henry, 598 F.3d 511, 518 (9th Cir. 2010).