From Casetext: Smarter Legal Research

People's Savings & Trust Co. v. Rayl

Supreme Court of Idaho
Mar 23, 1928
265 P. 703 (Idaho 1928)


No. 5003.

March 23, 1928.

APPEAL from the District Court of the Eleventh Judicial District, for Twin Falls County. Hon. Hugh A. Baker, Judge.

Action to foreclose mortgage. Judgment for plaintiff. Motion to dismiss defendants' appeal. Denied.

Richards Haga, for Respondent.

C. S., sec. 7153, provides that an appeal is taken by filing notice of appeal with the clerk and serving a similar notice on the adverse party or his attorney. The section continues: "The order of service is immaterial, but the appeal is ineffectual for any purpose unless within five days after service of the notice of appeal, an undertaking be filed, or a deposit of money be made with the clerk, as hereafter provided, or the undertaking be waived by the adverse party in writing." The first case construing the section is Clark v. Lowenberg, 1 Idaho 654:

"The undertaking in this appeal was filed too soon. The statute does not permit the undertaking to be filed until after the service of the notice; and therefore until such service, there is nothing for the undertaking to operate on. It has no office or function to perform. The case stands therefore as if no undertaking had been given, and there was no appeal perfected." ( Shissler v. Crooks, 1 Idaho 369; People v. Hunt, 1 Idaho 371; Wilson v. Bartlett, 7 Idaho 269, 62 P. 415; Healy v. Taylor, 37 Idaho 749, 218 P. 190; Brown v. Green, 65 Cal. 221, 3 P. 811.)

Turner K. Hackman, for Appellants.

"In Zienke v. Northern Pacific Ry. Co., 7 Idaho 746, 65 Pac. 431, it was held that an undertaking on appeal is not executed until filed with the clerk, and is sufficient where it is shown that the undertaking was filed simultaneously with the notice of appeal, although it appears to have been signed upon a date previous thereto, but after the order appealed from had been made and entered. This ground of motion to dismiss the appeal is without merit." ( Robinson v. St. Maries Lumber Co., 32 Idaho 651, 186 P. 923.)

This court has also held that where the undertaking on appeal was filed five minutes before the notice of appeal, according to the filing marks of the instruments, and where the clerk certified that the undertaking "did in fact follow the notice of appeal," that the appeal should not be dismissed. ( Mathers v. Mathers, 42 Idaho 821, 248 P. 468.)

This court has also held that where the certificate of the clerk showed that a deposit was made with him on the same day upon which notice of appeal was filed such deposit being in lieu of an undertaking on appeal, the case was not subject to dismissal. ( Bohannen Dredging Co. v. England, 30 Idaho 721, 168 Pac. 12.)

In an action to foreclose a mortgage upon real estate, the mortgagors, Robert Rayl and Nora Rayl, were made parties defendant; and under an allegation that one W.R. Brooks claimed an interest in the mortgaged premises, which interest was alleged to be subject and subsequent to plaintiff's lien, said Brooks was also made a party defendant. Defendant Brooks was served with summons but did not appear and suffered default. The defendants Rayl answered the complaint, and filed a cross-complaint against plaintiff to which Brooks was not made a party, and which was answered by plaintiff; and upon issues so made trial was had, resulting in a judgment foreclosing the mortgage for the full amount claimed by plaintiff. The defendants Rayl appeal from the judgment.

Motion is made to dismiss the appeal upon the ground that the undertaking on appeal was prematurely filed. The undertaking was filed on February 7, 1927, on which day notice of appeal and copy thereof were mailed by counsel for appellants to counsel for plaintiff, who on February 9th indorsed their written acceptance of service on the notice and returned it to counsel for appellants. Thereafter, on February 12th, the notice of appeal was served upon the personal representative of defendant Brooks, and upon February 15th was filed with the clerk.

Regardless of the acceptance of service of the notice of appeal by plaintiff on February 9th, it was a proper case for service by mail, and such service being properly made, the service of the notice on plaintiff was complete on February 7th, when the notice, with copy thereof, was deposited in the mail. (C. S., sec. 7199.) The transcript shows only the acceptance of the service on February 9th. The service by mail upon February 7th is shown by affidavit upon this hearing; and such showing in this court may properly be considered upon motion to dismiss. ( Farmers Miners' State Bank v. Probst, 76 Mont. 284, 246 P. 249; Sutter v. Tisdale, 128 Cal. 180, 60 Pac. 757; Garrett v. Garrett, 31 Cal.App. 173, 159 P. 1050; 2 Cal. Jur. 355, 356.) The only question, therefore, is whether by reason of the failure to serve defendant Brooks on or prior to February 7th the filing of the bond on that day was premature.

C. S., sec. 7153, provides that an appeal is ineffectual for any purpose unless, within five days after service of notice of appeal, an undertaking be filed or a deposit of money made with the clerk as thereinafter provided, unless such undertaking be waived in writing. The holding that the filing of such bond after the judgment appealed from has been rendered, but prior to the service of the notice of appeal, vitiates the appeal, though such bond remains on file at all times thereafter, is a harsh one; but such rule has been established in this state by various decisions beginning with Clark v. Lowenberg, 1 Idaho 654, under a statute similar to C. S., sec. 7153. Prior to that decision it had been held in People v. Hunt, 1 Idaho 371, under a statute providing that an undertaking must be filed within five days after the filing of the notice of appeal, that an undertaking filed prior to the filing of the notice of appeal was prematurely filed, and of no effect. In Healy v. Taylor, 37 Idaho 749, 218 P. 190, the decisions on this point were reviewed, and it was held that the statute having for a long time been given a fixed, definite meaning, the former decisions should not be overruled to hold that an undertaking given long prior to the filing and service of the notice of appeal was sufficient. Nor is the rule without reason when considered in connection with C. S., sec. 7154, providing that if any undertaking be insufficient, the respondent may except to the same within twenty days after the filing of the undertaking. It is pointed out in Buffendeau v. Edmondson, 24 Cal. 94, that because a similar statute gave respondent a fixed period after the filing of an undertaking to except to the sureties, the service of notice of appeal must be made at or before the time of filing the undertaking; otherwise, respondent's time to except to the sureties would be shortened, or entirely wiped out.

It is apparent, however, that in this case the defendant Brooks was not a necessary party to the appeal. It is well settled by our decisions that service of notice of appeal need only be made upon adverse parties, and that an adverse party is one who would be prejudicially affected by a modification or reversal of the judgment appealed from. Among these decisions are: Lind v. Lambert, 40 Idaho 569, 236 P. 121; Bannock Nat. Bank v. Automobile Accessories Co., 36 Idaho 527, 212 P. 864; Nelson Bennett Co. v. Twin Falls L. W. Co., 13 Idaho 767, 13 Ann. Cas. 172, 92 P. 980. Plaintiff having recovered judgment for the full amount of its claim, and the plaintiff's lien on the mortgaged premises being declared superior to any interest of the defendant Brooks, there could be no modification of the decree which could be detrimental to the interest, if any, of Brooks. ( Boob v. Hall, 107 Cal. 160, 40 P. 117.) Such interest as he has would appear to be common with that of the appellant in seeking a reversal. ( Blackman v. Harry (Tex.Civ.App.), 35 S.W. 290.) The appeal was therefore perfected, in so far as the service of notice is concerned, when service was had upon the plaintiff; and a later and unneccessary service of it upon Brooks could not vitiate the filing of the bond, which was effective, if the plaintiff is the only adverse party upon the appeal.

It is therefore unnecessary to determine the question raised as to the proper time for filing an undertaking on appeal when there are several adverse parties served with notice of appeal upon different dates.

I recommend that the motion to dismiss the appeal be denied.

The foregoing is approved as the opinion of the court and the motion to dismiss the appeal is denied.

Wm. E. Lee, C.J., and Givens, Taylor and T. Bailey Lee, JJ., concur.

Summaries of

People's Savings & Trust Co. v. Rayl

Supreme Court of Idaho
Mar 23, 1928
265 P. 703 (Idaho 1928)
Case details for

People's Savings & Trust Co. v. Rayl

Case Details


Court:Supreme Court of Idaho

Date published: Mar 23, 1928


265 P. 703 (Idaho 1928)
265 P. 703

Citing Cases

State v. Stokes

Service of notice of appeal is complete when notice with copy thereof was deposited in the mail. ( People's…

People's Savings Etc. Co. v. Allen

BRINCK, Commissioner. The facts are somewhat similar to those involved in People's Savings Trust Co. of…