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Peoples Savings Bank v. Corrado

Supreme Court of Connecticut
Feb 18, 1964
198 A.2d 209 (Conn. 1964)


The $12,000 mortgage note given to the plaintiff specified no rate of interest and no date of maturity but called for "equal successive monthly" installment payments of $82.56, commencing on a fixed date and continuing until the principal sum, with interest, was fully paid. The defendant G obtained a judgment lien on the mortgaged premises and caused a certificate of lien to be recorded after the date the mortgage was executed and recorded. He claimed priority to the mortgage on the ground that the recording of the mortgage deed with a copy of the note attached did not give sufficient notice of the nature and amount of the encumbrance. Held that, since the statute (37.1) setting an interest rate of 6 percent a year when the agreement makes no other provision must be read into the contract, and since the length of time the mortgage would run if payments were made as agreed was a matter of arithmetical computation, the information in the recorded mortgage deed and note was sufficient to meet the requirement of reasonable notice.

Argued December 4, 1963

Decided February 18, 1964

Action of foreclosure and for possession of the mortgaged premises, brought to the Superior Court in Hartford County and tried to the court, Devlin, J.; judgment for the plaintiff and appeal by the defendant Gagliardi. No error.

William J. Butler, with whom, on the brief, was Harold Gersten, for the appellant (defendant Gagliardi).

Roman J. Lexton, with whom was Martin F. Stempien, for the appellee (plaintiff).

The only question on this appeal is whether a mortgage deed to the plaintiff contained a sufficient statement of the essential terms of the mortgage so as to constitute the mortgage a lien — on the real estate described in the mortgage deed — prior in right to a judgment lien which the defendant Victor Gagliardi had placed on the property. Gagliardi will hereinafter be referred to as the defendant.

A copy of the note, executed by the defendant Corrado on April 30, 1959, was attached to and made a part of the mortgage deed given to secure payment of the note. It was recited in the note that the maker promised to pay the plaintiff the principal sum of $12,000, with "interest from date, payable monthly," on the unpaid balance of the note. It was further provided that the principal sum and interest were payable in "equal successive monthly installments of Eighty-two and 56/100 — ($82.56) Dollars each or, should the interest rate hereof be increased, then in such monthly installments additionally sufficient to pay such increase in the rate of interest, commencing on the 5th day of September, 1959, and continuing until said principal sum, with interest, has been fully paid." On April 30, 1959, the mortgage deed was executed and recorded in the land records. The plaintiff instituted foreclosure proceedings by writ dated January 26, 1962.

The judgment lien, filed on May 12, 1960, was effective from February 16, 1960, the date when the property was attached. General Statutes 49-44. The defendant filed a special defense in which he alleged that, as to his lien, the mortgage was invalid since it did not state with reasonable certainty the nature and terms of the indebtedness allegedly secured by the mortgage. The court overruled the special defense and rendered judgment of strict foreclosure in favor of the plaintiff; the redemption dates for subsequent encumbrancers were designated. The defendant appealed.

As we understand the defendant's claim, it is that the failure to set out specifically in the mortgage deed the rate of interest charged and the failure to state the date of maturity render the mortgage invalid as to the defendant because it would be impossible to ascertain from the land records the precise amount of the debt due. General Statutes 37-1, which sets the interest rate at 6 percent a year where the agreement makes no other provision, has to be read into the contract in this case; Ciarleglio v. Benedict Co., 127 Conn. 291, 293, 16 A.2d 593; and therefore it fixes the applicable rate of interest. Perry v. Cohen, 126 Conn. 457, 460, 11 A.2d 804. The mortgage deed recites that the amount of the debt is $12,000 and that principal and interest are payable in monthly installments of $82.56. The interest, as we have pointed out, is to be computed at the statutory rate. The length of time the mortgage would run if payments were made as agreed is a matter of arithmetical computation. Exercise of the default clause by the mortgagee or of the anticipatory payments provision by the mortgagor could hasten the date on which the debt would terminate. The information in the mortgage deed as it appears on the land records meets the requirement that reasonable notice of the nature and amount of the encumbrance be furnished thereby. Bridgeport Land Title Co. v. George Orlove Co., 91 Conn. 496, 497, 100 A. 30. The real nature of this mortgage is, so far as possible, disclosed by the records with reasonable certainty. Sadd v. Heim, 143 Conn. 582, 585, 124 A.2d 522, and cases cited.

Summaries of

Peoples Savings Bank v. Corrado

Supreme Court of Connecticut
Feb 18, 1964
198 A.2d 209 (Conn. 1964)
Case details for

Peoples Savings Bank v. Corrado

Case Details


Court:Supreme Court of Connecticut

Date published: Feb 18, 1964


198 A.2d 209 (Conn. 1964)
198 A.2d 209

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