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People v. Yanez

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Feb 13, 2020
180 A.D.3d 816 (N.Y. App. Div. 2020)

Opinion

2018-02867 Ind. No. 1893/16

02-13-2020

The PEOPLE, etc., Respondent, v. Marvin YANEZ, Appellant.

Kristina S. Heuser, P.C., Locust Valley, NY, for appellant. Madeline Singas, District Attorney, Mineola, N.Y. (Tammy J. Smiley and Jason R. Richards of counsel), for respondent.


Kristina S. Heuser, P.C., Locust Valley, NY, for appellant.

Madeline Singas, District Attorney, Mineola, N.Y. (Tammy J. Smiley and Jason R. Richards of counsel), for respondent.

RUTH C. BALKIN, J.P., LEONARD B. AUSTIN, HECTOR D. LASALLE, ANGELA G. IANNACCI, JJ.

DECISION & ORDER Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Nassau County (Helene F. Gugerty, J.), rendered January 25, 2018, convicting him of murder in the second degree, assault in the second degree, and criminal possession of a weapon in the fourth degree, upon a jury verdict, and imposing sentence.

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.

Viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the prosecution (see People v. Contes, 60 N.Y.2d 620, 621, 467 N.Y.S.2d 349, 454 N.E.2d 932 ), we find that it was legally sufficient to establish the defendant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. Moreover, in fulfilling our responsibility to conduct an independent review of the weight of the evidence (see CPL 470.15[5] ; People v. Danielson, 9 N.Y.3d 342, 849 N.Y.S.2d 480, 880 N.E.2d 1 ), we nevertheless accord great deference to the jury's opportunity to view the witnesses, hear the testimony, and observe demeanor (see People v. Mateo, 2 N.Y.3d 383, 410, 779 N.Y.S.2d 399, 811 N.E.2d 1053 ; People v. Bleakley, 69 N.Y.2d 490, 495, 515 N.Y.S.2d 761, 508 N.E.2d 672 ). Upon reviewing the record here, we are satisfied that the verdict of guilt was not against the weight of the evidence (see People v. Romero, 7 N.Y.3d 633, 826 N.Y.S.2d 163, 859 N.E.2d 902 ).

The Supreme Court providently exercised its discretion in admitting optical discs containing surveillance videos from various video surveillance systems, as the People presented sufficient evidence that the videos truly and accurately represented what was before the cameras (see People v. Patterson, 93 N.Y.2d 80, 84, 688 N.Y.S.2d 101, 710 N.E.2d 665 ; People v. Costello, 128 A.D.3d 848, 9 N.Y.S.3d 132 ). The fact that the time stamps on some of the videos differed from the time the videos were actually recorded went to the weight of the evidence, not its admissibility (see People v. Orlando, 61 A.D.3d 1001, 878 N.Y.S.2d 185 ; People v. Gibbons, 18 A.D.3d 773, 795 N.Y.S.2d 700 ; People v. Jackson, 200 A.D.2d 856, 858, 607 N.Y.S.2d 147 ). The court also providently exercised its discretion in admitting into evidence a "timeline video" containing footage compiled from various surveillance videos as an aid to the jury. The detective who created the video testified about the compilation process, explained that he added captions to the video to show the correct date and time each video was recorded, and the court instructed the jury to evaluate the accuracy of the compilation by evaluating the detective's credibility (see People v. Cabrera, 137 A.D.3d 707, 28 N.Y.S.3d 681 ; People v. Shields, 100 A.D.3d 549, 550–551, 954 N.Y.S.2d 97 ).

Contrary to the defendant's contention, the Supreme Court did not err in permitting a witness to testify that in the hours before the victim was killed, the defendant fought with the victim and threatened him. "[T]he hearsay rule does not exclude the admission of out-of-court statements demonstrating the state of mind of the declarant when that state of mind is an issue in the case" ( People v. Chambers, 125 A.D.2d 88, 91, 512 N.Y.S.2d 89 ). Moreover, "when a particular act of the declarant is at issue, the declarant's statement of a future intent to perform that act is admissible as proof of the declarant's intent on that issue and as inferential proof that the declarant carried out [or attempted to carry out] his intent" ( id. at 91, 512 N.Y.S.2d 89 ; see People v. James, 93 N.Y.2d 620, 695 N.Y.S.2d 715, 717 N.E.2d 1052 ; People v. Kimes, 37 A.D.3d 1, 10, 831 N.Y.S.2d 1 ; People v. D'Arton, 289 A.D.2d 711, 712–713, 734 N.Y.S.2d 309 ).

The defendant's remaining contention is without merit.

BALKIN, J.P., AUSTIN, LASALLE and IANNACCI, JJ., concur.


Summaries of

People v. Yanez

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Feb 13, 2020
180 A.D.3d 816 (N.Y. App. Div. 2020)
Case details for

People v. Yanez

Case Details

Full title:The People of the State of New York, respondent, v. Marvin Yanez…

Court:SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department

Date published: Feb 13, 2020

Citations

180 A.D.3d 816 (N.Y. App. Div. 2020)
119 N.Y.S.3d 494
2020 N.Y. Slip Op. 1093

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