From Casetext: Smarter Legal Research

People v. Swift

Supreme Court of California
Jan 14, 1885
66 Cal. 348 (Cal. 1885)


         Appeal from a judgment of the Superior Court of Colusa County.


         T. J. Hart, for Appellant.

          Attorney General Marshall, for Respondent.

         JUDGES: In Bank.


         THE COURT          The defendant was prosecuted by information, filed in the Superior Court of Colusa county, for the crime of murder, and on the trial was convicted of manslaughter. The case comes before us on the judgment roll, and the only point made on the appeal is, as to the correctness of an instruction given by the court to the jury. The instruction complained of is as follows:

         " When it is proved or admitted that an unlawful homicide has been committed, and an effort is made to reduce it to manslaughter by showing the absence of malice, in that case, to negative the idea of malice and reduce an unlawful homicide to manslaughter, where it is claimed to have been committed upon a heat of passion, the passion must not only be sudden, but also upon a reasonable provocation; it must proceed from what the law accepts as an adequate cause, and the killing must in fact proceed from it, and not from independent malice; otherwise, it will not reduce the felonious killing to manslaughter.

         " Reasonable provocation or adequate cause is some such insult, injury, or other provocation as would be sufficient to excite an irresistible passion in a person, one of ordinary self-control; such provocation as during the sudden passion renders a reasonable man deaf to the voice of reason, so that, although the act done was intentional of death, it was not the result of malignity of heart, but imputable to human infirmity."

         It is unnecessary for us to pass upon the foregoing instruction. The defendant was convicted merely of the crime of manslaughter, and therefore could not have been injured by the instruction.

         Judgment affirmed.

Summaries of

People v. Swift

Supreme Court of California
Jan 14, 1885
66 Cal. 348 (Cal. 1885)
Case details for

People v. Swift

Case Details

Full title:THE PEOPLE, Respondent, v. SPENCER SWIFT, Appellant

Court:Supreme Court of California

Date published: Jan 14, 1885


66 Cal. 348 (Cal. 1885)
5 P. 505

Citing Cases

People v. Garnier

No error was committed and no prejudicial error resulted. ( People v. Latona, 2 Cal.2d 714, 727 [ 43 P.2d…

People v. O'Neal

But conceding for the purpose of the argument that the instruction was erroneous in the concluding part of…