People
v.
Stokes

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Fourth DepartmentMar 4, 1988
138 A.D.2d 939 (N.Y. App. Div. 1988)

March 4, 1988

Appeal from the Monroe County Court, Connell, J.

Present — Callahan, J.P., Denman, Boomer, Pine and Davis, JJ.


Order unanimously affirmed. Memorandum: Even if the police properly stopped defendant for a traffic infraction, the information which they had did not justify the frisk which resulted in the discovery of cocaine on defendant's person. At most the police knew that two days earlier a reliable informant had reported that drug dealing was occurring from the vehicle defendant had been driving and had just exited and that a handgun was in the vehicle. The only description of the people involved was that they were black males, and there was no information that a gun was on anyone's person. Defendant was stopped after he had exited the vehicle, which was parked in a neighborhood some distance from the location the reliable informant had given. His conduct was not furtive, evasive, or threatening in any way, nor did the police observe any suspicious bulge in his clothing. The information the police had did not give them a reasonable basis for suspecting that defendant was armed and dangerous (see, People v. Russ, 61 N.Y.2d 693). Thus, the hearing court correctly suppressed the cocaine that was found.