November 17, 1997
Appeal from the Supreme Court, Kings County (Beldock, J.).
Ordered that the judgment is affirmed.
The defendant contends that reversible error took place because the People's opening statement and a police detective's testimony improperly communicated to the jury that a witness, who was not produced, observed the shooting and identified the defendant in a lineup. This contention is unpreserved for appellate review as the defendant failed to move for a mistrial based on the witness' failure to testify and failed to object to the lineup testimony ( see, People v. De Tore, 34 N.Y.2d 199, 208, cert denied sub nom. Wendra v. New York, 419 U.S. 1025; People v. Baa, 189 A.D.2d 771, 772; People v. Morales, 113 A.D.2d 956).
In any event, the witness's failure to testify does not warrant reversal. Where the People fail to produce a witness referred to in opening statements, "the general rule is that, absent bad faith or undue prejudice, a trial will not be undone" ( People v De Tore, supra, at 207). The People did not act in bad faith in failing to call the witness to the stand since, as stipulated by the defendant, she was unavailable to testify because of a medical condition. Moreover, any prejudice that may have been caused by the witness's failure to testify was cured by the court's prompt instructions prohibiting the jury from speculating as to what her testimony would have been and by the court's instruction, during preliminary instructions and in the jury charge, that the statements of counsel were not to be considered as evidence ( see, People v. Berg, 59 N.Y.2d 294, 299; People v. De Tore, supra, at 207-208; People v. Torres, 141 A.D.2d 682, 683).
Ritter, J. P., Friedmann, Krausman and McGinity, JJ., concur.