Seymour W. James, Jr., The Legal Aid Society, New York (Susan Epstein of counsel), for appellant. Cyrus R. Vance, Jr., District Attorney, New York (Aaron Zucker of counsel), for respondent.
Seymour W. James, Jr., The Legal Aid Society, New York (Susan Epstein of counsel), for appellant.
Cyrus R. Vance, Jr., District Attorney, New York (Aaron Zucker of counsel), for respondent.
Judgment, Supreme Court, New York County (Maxwell Wiley, J.), rendered January 21, 2016, convicting defendant, upon his plea of guilty, of criminal possession of a forged instrument in the second degree, and sentencing him, as a second felony offender, to a term of three to six years, unanimously affirmed.
The court properly denied defendant's suppression motion, without granting a hearing, regarding items recovered by a department store security guard. Defendant failed to allege facts supporting a finding that the store employee was a state actor (see People v Cates, 139 AD3d 455 [1st Dept 2016]; People v Manrique, 57 AD3d 265 [1st Dept 2008], lv denied 12 NY3d 760 ), and the People responded that the store employee was merely a private security guard. In the felony complaint and voluntary disclosure form, the People disclosed sufficient information about the guard, including his specific job title ("loss prevention associate"), the name and location of the store, and the precise date and hour at which the guard encountered defendant, to have enabled defendant to subpoena records and ascertain the guard's status (see Cates, 139 AD3d at 456; Manrique, 57 AD3d at 265). Instead, defendant did not even attempt to ascertain whether the store employed anyone with any kind of official police status.
We perceive no basis for reducing the sentence.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
ENTERED: DECEMBER 6, 2018