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People v. Phillips

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Second Department
Apr 6, 1992
582 N.Y.S.2d 241 (N.Y. App. Div. 1992)

Opinion

April 6, 1992

Appeal from the Supreme Court, Kings County (Owens, J.).


Ordered that the judgment is modified, on the law, by providing that the term of imprisonment imposed for kidnapping in the first degree shall be served concurrently with the term of imprisonment imposed for murder in the second degree as charged in the first count of the indictment; as so modified, the judgment is affirmed.

The defendant's claim that the trial court improperly addressed the deliberating jury in his absence is unpreserved for appellate review and, in any event, is without merit. The actions of the court did not impinge upon the defendant's right to be present at a critical stage of the trial. Here, the court simply informed the jury that it could not respond to their requests for supplemental instructions and evidence until the defendant, who was indisposed, returned to the courtroom. Not every communication with the jury requires the presence of the defendant. The jury here was given no instructions or information by the court in the defendant's absence; thus his right to be present was not implicated (see, People v Bonaparte, 78 N.Y.2d 26, 30; People v Harris, 76 N.Y.2d 810, 812; CPL 310.30). Furthermore, the court's remarks to the jury indicated a continued willingness to abide by the wishes of the jurors (see, People v Elie, 150 A.D.2d 719; cf., People v Hall, 101 A.D.2d 956).

The court erred, however, in directing that the term of imprisonment imposed for kidnapping in the first degree run consecutively to the sentence for the conviction of intentional murder in the second degree. In this case, the act of kidnapping in the first degree was not complete until the victim was shot and killed (see, Penal Law § 135.25). It was this same shooting that formed the basis for the defendant's conviction for intentional murder charged in the first count of the indictment. Therefore, the terms of imprisonment imposed for these crimes, which were essentially based upon the same acts, must run concurrently to each other (see, People v Douglas, 178 A.D.2d 651; People v Morgan, 177 A.D.2d 655; People v Esquilin, 159 A.D.2d 632, 634; Penal Law § 70.25).

The defendant's remaining contentions are either unpreserved for appellate review or without merit. Sullivan, J.P., Harwood, Balletta and Rosenblatt, JJ., concur.


Summaries of

People v. Phillips

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Second Department
Apr 6, 1992
582 N.Y.S.2d 241 (N.Y. App. Div. 1992)
Case details for

People v. Phillips

Case Details

Full title:THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, Respondent, v. SHAWN PHILLIPS…

Court:Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Second Department

Date published: Apr 6, 1992

Citations

582 N.Y.S.2d 241 (N.Y. App. Div. 1992)
582 N.Y.S.2d 241

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