From Casetext: Smarter Legal Research

People v. Lawler

Court of Appeal of California, First District, Division Two
Aug 21, 1926
79 Cal.App. 207 (Cal. Ct. App. 1926)

Opinion

Docket No. 1310.

August 21, 1926.

APPEAL from a judgment of the Superior Court of Alameda County. Lincoln S. Church, Judge. Affirmed.

The facts are stated in the opinion of the court.

Robert Gordon and F. Oakes for Appellant.

U.S. Webb, Attorney-General, and Wm. F. Cleary, Deputy Attorney-General, for Respondent.


The district attorney filed an information against the defendant charging him with the crime of assault with intent to commit rape. He was tried in the trial court before the court sitting with a jury. The jury found him guilty. He made a motion for a new trial. The motion was denied. Judgment was entered in accordance with the verdict. From that judgment and from the order denying him a new trial the defendant has prosecuted this appeal.

The appellant claims (1) that the verdict was contrary to the law; (2) that the verdict was contrary to the evidence; (3) that the court erred in denying appellant's motion for a new trial; and (4) that certain jurors were guilty of misconduct by which a fair and due consideration of the case was prevented.

[1] The appellant takes many pages to quote the testimony of numerous witnesses. Having done so, he states that he fully realizes that an appellate court will not disturb the verdict of the jury simply on a conflict of the evidence. Thereupon he states that his "appeal is raised not merely to point out the very evident conflict of evidence against defendant, but rather to point out that the testimony presented against the defendant was inherently improbable and untrue." His attempted differentiation is not successful. Taking up the "inherent improbability" we find it is without merit. Because at one time in her testimony the prosecutrix testified that she locked the door to her room before she went to bed, and, in another place in her testimony, she testified that about midnight the defendant entered her room, the appellant argues that her story is inherently improbable. To state the argument is to answer it. Perhaps the prosecutrix was mistaken when she testified that she locked her door. There are many other possible explanations that would square with her story. But the locked or unlocked door is a circumstance which falls far short of justifying a court of review in saying that the entire story as told by the prosecutrix was inherently improbable. It is not at all necessary to recite that story in this decision. It is sufficient to state that the story as told by the prosecutrix was one that was not at all inherently improbable and the only real question presented by the record was the identification of the defendant.

[2] On the evening of the alleged offense one of the witnesses, a police officer, testified that he saw a man whom he described and whom he no doubt thought was the defendant in the immediate vicinity of the room of the prosecutrix. The appellant asserts that the identification was not satisfactory. Perhaps it was not, but that was a subject for argument to the jury.

[3] The defendant included in his defense certain proof tending to establish an alibi. He now alleges that such proof was so satisfactory and convincing that the case of the prosecution cannot stand. Although the defendant is satisfied with his proof it is quite clear from its verdict that the jury was not. However, the jury had the right to determine what proof was to its mind most satisfactory, and having done so we are not at liberty to disturb its determination.

[4] The alleged misconduct on the part of certain jurors includes two different incidents which it is claimed occurred in the courtroom while the case was being presented to the jury and before the submission of the cause. As each incident arose no record of any kind or nature was made. The record shows that the trial judge did not hear the first incident. No objection was interposed and no application was made to the trial court asking any relief of any kind. Nevertheless the incidents were brought forward at the time the appellant presented his motion for a new trial. At that time his attorneys, Robert Gordon, Esq., and Frederick Oakes, Esq., made and presented to the trial court a joint affidavit setting forth the facts which it was claimed occurred during the progress of the trial. It is claimed that the defendant had introduced as an exhibit a page from a Japanese hotel register in Stockton which had a certain signature thereon. That the defendant had also introduced an exemplar of his writing. On a certain occasion those two exhibits were being shown to the jury. It is claimed that at that time one juror, N.W. Rickmond, remarked, "That isn't the same writing, you can't make me believe these are the same signatures," and, taking a small book and pencil from his pocket, did write therein and attempt to draw Mrs. Sarah L. Cowen (another juror) into conversation, saying, "just look at this." That thereupon Mrs. Sarah L. Cowen reprimanded him and did say, "Hush, don't discuss that here." Juror N.W. Rickmond made an affidavit in which he quoted the above statements and alleged that he did not make the statements as set forth nor statements in substance the same. Booth B. Goodman, another juror, made an affidavit in which he alleged that he was present at all times as a juror and that he did not hear any juror make any statement commenting on the evidence. Mrs. Sarah L. Cowen made an affidavit in which she stated that she had read the affidavit executed by defendant's attorneys and then she alleged that she did not hear any juror, before the cause was submitted, make any comment on the evidence. There was no error in the ruling of the trial court holding that there was no misconduct shown on the part of the juror N.W. Rickmond. The appellant urges that affidavits by the jurors that they did not hear were not of the same weight as affidavits by other persons who alleged that they did hear. Under some circumstances the argument would have much weight, but in the absence of a clear record to the contrary we are not at liberty to assume that the trial court had deaf jurors hard of hearing. Moreover, we must assume that the jurors were together in the jury-box. Under all of these circumstances, in the absence of some most peculiar combination of facts to the contrary, we cannot assume that the attorneys for the defendant were in a better position to hear and know what transpired in the jury-box in the courtroom than were the jurors themselves.

[5] Another incident involved the juror C.W. Kinsey. In the joint affidavit above mentioned it was alleged that when the deputy district attorney was presenting his argument to the jury Mr. Kinsey "pointed to the defendant with his thumb and asked, `Was this man going toward the building or away from it when the policeman saw him?' The deputy district attorney replied: `I don't know which way he was going, that was not brought out in the evidence so I can't discuss it.' That then Mr. Kinsey replied, `I wasn't sure that it was brought out.'" Assuming that the incident occurred, there was nothing irregular or prejudicial in the incident.

Moreover, both incidents were known to appellant, as each incident took place and no objection was made and he could not thus remain quiet and take the chance of a favorable verdict and keep the point in reserve. ( Monaghan v. Rolling Mill Co., 81 Cal. 190, 194 [22 P. 590].)

The judgment and order appealed from are affirmed.

Langdon, P.J., and Nourse, J., concurred.

A petition for a rehearing of this cause was denied by the district court of appeal on September 14, 1926.


Summaries of

People v. Lawler

Court of Appeal of California, First District, Division Two
Aug 21, 1926
79 Cal.App. 207 (Cal. Ct. App. 1926)
Case details for

People v. Lawler

Case Details

Full title:THE PEOPLE, Respondent, v. AL LAWLER, Appellant

Court:Court of Appeal of California, First District, Division Two

Date published: Aug 21, 1926

Citations

79 Cal.App. 207 (Cal. Ct. App. 1926)
249 P. 18

Citing Cases

City of Pleasant Hill v. First Baptist Church

( Smith v. Brown (1929) 102 Cal.App. 477, 484 [ 283 P. 132]. See also, Kimic v. San Jose-Los Gatos etc. Ry.…

Smith v. Brown

( Monaghan v. Pacific Rolling Mill Co., 81 Cal. 190 [ 22 P. 590].) A somewhat similar situation arose in the…