People
v.
Hayes

Not overruled or negatively treated on appealinfoCoverage
Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Fourth DepartmentDec 11, 1981
85 A.D.2d 892 (N.Y. App. Div. 1981)

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December 11, 1981

Appeal from the Erie Supreme Court, Barr, J.

Present — Simons, J.P., Callahan, Denman, Moule and Schnepp, JJ.


Judgment unanimously reversed, on the law, and a new trial granted. Memorandum: The People's witness Smith was a participant in the incident from which this robbery charge against defendant arose and he had pleaded guilty to robbery, third degree, in connection with the crime before defendant was indicted. It was error, therefore, for the court to fail to charge, over defendant's objection, that Smith was an accomplice, as a matter of law, whose testimony required corroboration (see People v Bell, 48 N.Y.2d 933; People v Minarich, 46 N.Y.2d 970; People v Werner, 55 A.D.2d 317). The People concede that the charge was erroneous but contend that the error was harmless. We are satisfied that in this case the error requires reversal.