2014–07925 Ind. No. 8785/11
Paul Skip Laisure, New York, N.Y. (Benjamin S. Litman of counsel), for appellant. Eric Gonzalez, District Attorney, Brooklyn, N.Y. (Leonard Joblove, Sholom J. Twersky, and Kristen A. Carroll of counsel), for respondent.
Paul Skip Laisure, New York, N.Y. (Benjamin S. Litman of counsel), for appellant.
Eric Gonzalez, District Attorney, Brooklyn, N.Y. (Leonard Joblove, Sholom J. Twersky, and Kristen A. Carroll of counsel), for respondent.
MARK C. DILLON, J.P., JOHN M. LEVENTHAL, SYLVIA O. HINDS–RADIX, HECTOR D. LASALLE, JJ.
DECISION & ORDER Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Kings County (William M. Harrington, J.), rendered August 5, 2014, convicting him of criminal possession of a weapon in the second degree and grand larceny in the fourth degree, upon a jury verdict, and imposing sentence. The appeal brings up for review the denial, after a hearing (Miriam Cyrulnik, J.), of that branch of the defendant's omnibus motion which was to suppress physical evidence.
ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.
The defendant's contentions regarding that branch of his omnibus motion which was to suppress physical evidence are without merit. The hearing court properly found that, under the totality of the circumstances, the defendant voluntarily consented to the search of his home (see People v. Gonzalez, 39 N.Y.2d 122, 128–130, 383 N.Y.S.2d 215, 347 N.E.2d 575 ; People v. Quagliata, 53 A.D.3d 670, 671, 861 N.Y.S.2d 792 ). Although the defendant contended that he informed the police officers that they did not have consent to search his home, the hearing court credited a police officer's testimony to the contrary, and there is no basis to disturb that credibility finding on appeal (see People v. Visich, 57 A.D.3d 804, 806, 870 N.Y.S.2d 376 ). The failure of the officers to inform the defendant of his right to refuse consent was not sufficient to render the defendant's consent involuntary (see People v. Gonzalez, 39 N.Y.2d at 130, 383 N.Y.S.2d 215, 347 N.E.2d 575 ; People v. Artis, 201 A.D.2d 488, 489, 607 N.Y.S.2d 400 ; People v. Buggs, 140 A.D.2d 617, 617–618, 528 N.Y.S.2d 659 ). Furthermore, the defendant cooperated with the officers before consenting to the search, the number of officers present when the defendant consented does not compel a finding that his consent was involuntary, and there was no evidence that the officers in any way exerted "unjustified psychological pressure" over the defendant in order to obtain consent to search ( People v. Litt, 71 A.D.2d 926, 929, 419 N.Y.S.2d 726 ; see People v. Gonzalez, 39 N.Y.2d at 129, 383 N.Y.S.2d 215, 347 N.E.2d 575 ; People v. Burno, 130 A.D.3d 747, 747, 12 N.Y.S.3d 306 ; People v. Leiva, 33 A.D.3d 1021, 1023, 823 N.Y.S.2d 494 ).
The defendant's contention that the testimony of an analyst from the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner violated his right to confrontation is without merit, as the analyst's testimony established that she used "her independent analysis on the raw data" to conclude that it was 11.4 million times more likely than not that the defendant's DNA was included in the mixture found on the trigger and trigger guard of the subject gun ( People v. John, 27 N.Y.3d 294, 315, 33 N.Y.S.3d 88, 52 N.E.3d 1114 ). Thus, the analyst did not act "as a conduit for the conclusions of others," ( id. at 315, 33 N.Y.S.3d 88, 52 N.E.3d 1114 ), and the defendant's right to confront the witnesses against him was not violated.
The defendant's contention that he was deprived of the effective assistance of counsel is without merit (see Strickland v. Washington, 466 U.S. 668, 104 S.Ct. 2052, 80 L.Ed.2d 674 ; People v. Baldi, 54 N.Y.2d 137, 444 N.Y.S.2d 893, 429 N.E.2d 400 ).The defendant's remaining contention is not preserved for appellate review, and we decline to review it pursuant to our interest of justice jurisdiction (see People v. Padro, 75 N.Y.2d 820, 821, 552 N.Y.S.2d 555, 551 N.E.2d 1233 ; People v. Stewart, 71 A.D.3d 797, 798, 900 N.Y.S.2d 60 ; People v. Hewlett, 133 A.D.2d 418, 419, 519 N.Y.S.2d 557, affd 71 N.Y.2d 841, 527 N.Y.S.2d 735, 522 N.E.2d 1033 ).
DILLON, J.P., LEVENTHAL, HINDS–RADIX and LASALLE, JJ., concur.