Argued June 5, 1974
July 26, 1974.
Environmental law — Constitution of Pennsylvania, Article I, Section 27 — Environmental factors — Social concerns — Impact on environment — Abuse of discretion — Use of public lands.
1. In reviewing the propriety of the development of lands subject to Article I, Section 27 of the Constitution of Pennsylvania, the court must balance environmental and social concerns to determine whether the development complies with applicable statutes and regulations, whether a reasonable effort was made to minimize the environmental incursion and whether the resulting environmental harm so outweighs the benefits of the project that to allow the development would constitute an abuse of discretion. [492-3]
2. Public authorities in their discretion may change the use to which public lands are put so long as the terms and limitations of the original grant are not violated. 
Argued June 5, 1974, before President Judge BOWMAN Judges KRAMER, WILKINSON, JR., MENCER, ROGERS and BLATT. Judge CRUMLISH, JR. did not participate.
Original jurisdiction, No. 1061 C.D. 1971, in case of Marion Woodward Payne, Sara Wolfe Bell, Leo M. Csala, Frances Phelps Waller, Rachael W. Gutman, Anthony J. Mussari, Barbara B. Albert, Magdalene Dysleski, Stella M. Moat, Elizabeth C. Miner, George Loveland, Esquire, Carolyn H. Reif, Judith L. Reishtein, Anthony J. Walaitis and Stella Walaitis, his wife, and The Wilkes College Students' Committee for a Clean Environment, by Mark Chamberlain, Trustee Ad Litem, v. Jacob G. Kassab, Individually and as Secretary of the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation, and The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Transportation; City of Wilkes-Barre, John B. McGlynn, Mayor, Marjorie Bart, Robert P. Brader, John V. Morris, Kenneth Remensnyder, Con Salwoski and Joseph A. Williams, Councilmen of the City of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. Complaint in equity in the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania to enjoin widening of street. Motion to dismiss filed. Motion granted. Complaint dismissed. ( 11 Pa. Commw. 14) Plaintiffs filed exceptions. Held: Exceptions dismissed. Decree affirmed.
James F. Geddes, Jr., with him F. Charles Petrillo, for plaintiffs.
Gregory S. Ghen, Assistant Attorney General, with him David A. Johnston, Jr., Assistant Attorney General, Robert W. Cunliffe, Deputy Attorney General, and Israel Packel, Attorney General, for Commonwealth, defendants.
Malcolm M. Limongelli, with him Chester B. Muroski, for Wilkes-Barre, defendants.
The several individuals, citizens of the City of Wilkes-Barre, and a group of students attending Wilkes College in Wilkes-Barre, who are the plaintiffs in this equity action, filed exceptions to the Adjudication and Decree Nisi of this Court, reported as Payne v. Kassab, 11 Pa. Commw. 14, 312 A.2d 86 (1973). We there dismissed plaintiffs' complaint and held that, in exercising judicial review of the propriety of development of property subject to Article I, Section 27, of the Constitution of Pennsylvania, a court must balance conflicting environmental and social concerns and determine (1) whether the proposed development complies with applicable environmental statutes and regulations, (2) whether a reasonable effort is being made to minimize environmental incursion, and (3) whether the environmental harm which will result so clearly outweighs the benefits to be derived that to permit such development would constitute an abuse of discretion.
We also held that public authorities in their discretion may change the use to which public lands are utilized and a different public use may be adopted so long as the terms and limitations of the original grant are not transgressed.
We have carefully considered the plaintiffs' exceptions filed in this case and find them to be without merit.
Accordingly, we make the following
AND NOW, this 26th day of July, 1974, all of the exceptions filed to the Adjudication and Decree Nisi dated November 21, 1973 are dismissed, the Decree Nisi is affirmed, and the Prothonotary shall enter the Decree Nisi as a final decree.