Palov.Town of Fallsburg

Not overruled or negatively treated on appealinfoCoverage
Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Third Department, New York.Dec 20, 2012
956 N.Y.S.2d 648 (N.Y. App. Div. 2012)
956 N.Y.S.2d 648101 A.D.3d 14002012 N.Y. Slip Op. 8840

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2012-12-20

Daniel PALO, Appellant, v. TOWN OF FALLSBURG, Respondent.

Daniel Palo, East Patchogue, appellant pro se. McCabe & Mack, LLP, Poughkeepsie (Kimberly Hunt Lee of counsel), for respondent.



Daniel Palo, East Patchogue, appellant pro se. McCabe & Mack, LLP, Poughkeepsie (Kimberly Hunt Lee of counsel), for respondent.
Before: MERCURE, J.P., LAHTINEN, MALONE JR., STEIN and GARRY, JJ.

LAHTINEN, J.

Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court (Cahill, J.), entered December 9, 2010 in Sullivan County, which granted defendant's motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint.

On July 4, 2006, plaintiff was operating a motor vehicle in the Town of Fallsburg, Sullivan County, when he lost control and skidded off of the road. Plaintiff thereafter commenced this negligence action against defendant, claiming that it negligently designed, maintained, controlled, engineered and inspected the roadway. Following joinder of issue and discovery, defendant moved for summary judgment dismissing the complaint on, among other things, the ground that it did not receive prior written notice of the alleged defect in the roadway in accordance with Town of Fallsburg Code § 201–1. In opposition, plaintiff argued that prior written notice was not required inasmuch as defendant had created the dangerous condition and had actual or constructive knowledge of it. Supreme Court granted defendant's motion and plaintiff now appeals.

By stipulation dated July 22, 2008, the action was discontinued against the other originally named defendant, County of Sullivan.

We affirm. “It is well settled that where, as here, a municipality has enacted a prior written notice statute pertaining to its thoroughfares or sidewalks, it cannot be held liable unless such written notice of the allegedly defective or dangerous condition was actually given” ( Gagnon v. City of Saratoga Springs, 51 A.D.3d 1096, 1097, 858 N.Y.S.2d 797 [2008],lv. denied11 N.Y.3d 706, 868 N.Y.S.2d 598, 897 N.E.2d 1082 [2008] [footnote and citations omitted]; see Stride v. City of Schenectady, 85 A.D.3d 1409, 1410, 925 N.Y.S.2d 260 [2011];Westbrook v. Village of Endicott, 67 A.D.3d 1319, 1319, 889 N.Y.S.2d 317 [2009] ). Defendant clearly satisfied its evidentiary burden on this issue by submitting the affidavits of its Town Clerk and Superintendent of Highways, who both averred that, after a review of the pertinent records, written notice of the alleged defective or dangerous condition on the roadway in question had not been received ( see Stride v. City of Schenectady, 85 A.D.3d at 1410, 925 N.Y.S.2d 260;Dalton v. City of Saratoga Springs, 12 A.D.3d 899, 900, 784 N.Y.S.2d 702 [2004] ). We reject plaintiff's contentionthat the failure of the Highway Department to issue written reports based upon its own routine inspection of defendant's roadways renders the prior written notice statute null and void. The statute in questiondoes not state that written reports of the Department, even if they existed, would satisfy the prior written notice requirement ( compare Administrative Code of City of N.Y. § 7–201[c]; see Dalton v. City of Saratoga Springs, 12 A.D.3d at 901 n. 2, 784 N.Y.S.2d 702 [2004] ). Accordingly, the fact that the reports are not prepared does not demonstrate a failure by defendant to properly maintain prior written notices of a defect or dangerous condition that would satisfy the statutory requirement.

Likewise, plaintiff also failed to raise a triable issue of fact that one of two exceptions to the prior written notice requirement applies ( see Yarborough v. City of New York, 10 N.Y.3d 726, 728, 853 N.Y.S.2d 261, 882 N.E.2d 873 [2008];Amabile v. City of Buffalo, 93 N.Y.2d 471, 474, 693 N.Y.S.2d 77, 715 N.E.2d 104 [1999];Babenzien v. Town of Fenton, 67 A.D.3d 1236, 1238, 889 N.Y.S.2d 295 [2009] ). Plaintiff contends that defendant affirmatively made the potholes more dangerous by cleaning them out in anticipation of filling them in later, and leaving them in that condition prior to his accident. This contention is unsubstantiated as there is nothing in defendant's records indicating that any work was done on the road in the year prior to plaintiff's accident. Plaintiff's additional assertion that the presence of a singular “detour” sign in the area of his accident demonstrated that defendant was working to repair the potholes is similarly unsupported by the record and fails to raise a question of fact ( see Babenzien v. Town of Fenton, 67 A.D.3d at 1239, 889 N.Y.S.2d 295). Finally, contrary to plaintiff's contention, “[c]onstructive or other actual notice is insufficient where the municipality did not receive prior written notice” ( Stride v. City of Schenectady, 85 A.D.3d at 1410, 925 N.Y.S.2d 260;see Boice v. City of Kingston, 60 A.D.3d 1140, 1142, 874 N.Y.S.2d 319 [2009];Pagillo v. City of Oneonta, 25 A.D.3d 1044, 1045, 807 N.Y.S.2d 489 [2006],lv. denied7 N.Y.3d 704, 819 N.Y.S.2d 871, 853 N.E.2d 242 [2006] ).

ORDERED that the order is affirmed, without costs.

MERCURE, J.P., MALONE JR., STEIN and GARRY, JJ., concur.



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