January 22, 1914.
Isidor Cohn, for the appellant.
Morris W. Hart, for the respondent.
The petition alleges that the action is brought to recover $1,710, as commission as a salesman of petticoats and bathing suits for defendant upon an oral agreement whereby it was agreed that the defendant would employ petitioner from January 1, 1913, until July 1, 1913, and agreed to pay petitioner four per cent of the gross amount of goods sold and delivered by defendant to customers procured by petitioner during said term, and to pay the sum of $30 per week as a drawing account, the aggregate amount of which was to be deducted from the aggregate amount of commissions earned by petitioner, and the balance then remaining was to be paid on said July 1, 1913; that petitioner procured customers and orders for such merchandise amounting to $65,000, which were accepted by defendant and the goods were sold and delivered to the customers so procured, upon which the commissions, after deducting said drawing account, left a balance due of $1,710.
Petitioner avers that he has the names of the customers procured by him and the aggregate sales to all, but has no memorandum of the particular sales.
The answer denies the allegations as to commissions and avers that plaintiff was hired as salesman for no definite term, at a weekly salary of thirty dollars per week, and, if he traveled, his necessary traveling expenses in addition thereto, and that he has been fully paid.
The order requires the defendant to permit the plaintiff, his attorney and accountant, to examine his business books during ordinary business hours, with leave to take copies thereof or any part thereof in so far as they relate to and appertain to transactions during the period indicated with the persons, firms or corporations named in the exhibit annexed to the petition, said examination to continue until concluded.
This court said in Harbaugh v. Middlesex Securities Co. ( 110 App. Div. 633): "The relation between the parties was merely that of employee and employer. There was no partnership or joint adventure. His compensation, under the agreement alleged by him, was to be measured by an amount equal to a certain proportion of the receipts of a certain kind, less certain expenses. There was nothing in that relation which entitled him after discharge to an inspection and examination of defendant's books. To allow the plaintiff a roving commission entitling him to a general investigation of the defendant's books would be extremely unjust. The business books of a going concern will not be compelled to be deposited in court for a space of time, nor will the admission of outsiders to the office of the company during business hours for a considerable period be directed except for cogent reasons."
This rule has been consistently followed in this court. ( Strauss v. Von Tobel, 131 App. Div. 823; Funger v. Brooklyn Bottle Stopper Co., 132 id. 837.)
Such an examination has been allowed where the parties in their written contract of employment have agreed that the employee should have such right of inspection. Such agreement is not alleged in the case at bar; on the contrary, the defendant denies absolutely the agreement to pay any commissions. The plaintiff has alleged a complete cause of action. There is no necessity which requires his invasion of defendant's place of business with his attorney and accountant and their inspection of all his business books during the period covered by the employment; because, as pointed out in the cases supra, he has a complete remedy by examination before trial where the books can be produced under a subpœna duces tecum, the difference being, that the defendant will then retain the control of his books but can be required to answer in regard to each of the accounts specified in the plaintiff's list of customers, which is all that plaintiff is entitled to, and plaintiff will not be permitted to roam at large and as he will through said books.
The order appealed from should be reversed, with ten dollars costs and disbursements, and the motion denied, with ten dollars costs, without prejudice to an application for an order for examination before trial.
INGRAHAM, P.J., McLAUGHLIN, LAUGHLIN and SCOTT, JJ., concurred.
Order reversed, with ten dollars costs and disbursements, and motion denied, with ten dollars costs, without prejudice to application for order for examination before trial.