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Oliver v. State

Supreme Court of Georgia
Sep 7, 1977
238 S.E.2d 346 (Ga. 1977)





Armed robbery. Tift Superior Court. Before Judge Forehand.

Jim L. Wilson, for appellant.

Thomas H. Pittman, District Attorney, Arthur K. Bolton, Attorney General, William B. Hill, Jr., for appellee.

Appellant has filed this direct appeal from his armed robbery conviction by a jury in the Superior Court of Tift County. He received a life sentence. We find no reversible error for any reason enumerated in the appeal, and, therefore, affirm the judgment of the trial court.

1. Appellant's first four enumerations of error raise the general grounds. At trial, the state presented several witnesses who saw appellant shortly before, during, and following the armed robbery. Appellant was the only witness for the defense and denied his involvement in the crime.

In passing upon the general grounds, the rule of this court is to pass not on the weight but on the sufficiency of the evidence. Ridley v. State, 236 Ga. 147 ( 223 S.E.2d 131) (1976). It is the duty of the jury to weigh the evidence. Since it found the defendant guilty, its verdict must be honored so long as there is any evidence to support it. Proctor v. State, 235 Ga. 720 ( 221 S.E.2d 556) (1975).

We have made a thorough review of the evidence and find it amply sufficient to support the verdict.

2. Appellant's fifth enumerated error contends that the trial court erred in failing to sufficiently define and charge the doctrine of reasonable doubt.

In all criminal cases a general charge on reasonable doubt should always be given, but this court has not gone so far as to demand that a definition of "reasonable doubt" be incorporated in a charge. Jackson v. State, 225 Ga. 553 ( 170 S.E.2d 281) (1969).

In reviewing the court's charge to the jury, the charge should be considered as a whole. Spencer v. State, 231 Ga. 705 ( 203 S.E.2d 856) (1974); Powell v. State, 235 Ga. 720, 726 ( 221 S.E.2d 556) (1975). Having reviewed the entire charge in the present case, we find it was a fair and full charge covering the issue to be resolved by the jury and making it quite clear the burden was upon the state to prove appellant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

Judgment affirmed. All the Justices concur.


Summaries of

Oliver v. State

Supreme Court of Georgia
Sep 7, 1977
238 S.E.2d 346 (Ga. 1977)
Case details for

Oliver v. State

Case Details

Full title:OLIVER v. THE STATE

Court:Supreme Court of Georgia

Date published: Sep 7, 1977


238 S.E.2d 346 (Ga. 1977)
238 S.E.2d 346

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