Argued February 8, 1932
Decided March 3, 1932
Appeal from the Supreme Court, Appellate Division, Second Department.
E.R. Brumley and John M. Gibbons for appellant. Charles D. Lewis, Thomas J. O'Neill and Leonard F. Fish for respondent.
In an action under the Federal Employers' Liability Act, the plaintiff, who is the widow of George J. Murmann and the administratrix of his estate, recovered a verdict for the damages resulting from his death. The damages were assessed by the jury in the sum of $15,000. Section 132 of the Decedent Estate Law (Cons. Laws, ch. 13) provides in substance that n an action under the State law to recover damages for death, interest from the time of death shall be computed by the clerk and added to the verdict. Under the supposed authority of that section, the verdict was increased by the sum of $5,916.55, and judgment entered accordingly. The Supreme Court on the defendant's motion modified the judgment by striking out the interest. The Appellate Division reversed, denied the defendant's motion, and reinstated the judgment as entered by the clerk.
We can discover no adequate basis for the allowance of the interest.
Section 132 of the Decedent Estate Law does not extend to actions brought under the Federal statute. The Legislature had no intention to make it reach so far. This is obvious, we think, both from the section itself, and from other related sections with which it must be read (§§ 130, 131). If, however, such an intention had existed, the courts would be unable to give effect to it. The Federal legislation covers the whole field, and the power of the States is not broad enough to change the assessment of the damages as determined by the verdict ( Chesapeake Ohio Ry. Co. v. Kelly, 241 U.S. 485, 491; Gulf, Colorado Santa Fe Ry. Co. v. Moser, 275 U.S. 133, 135; Kiefer v. Grand Trunk Ry. Co., 12 App. Div. 28; 153 N.Y. 688; Norton v. Erie R.R. Co., 163 App. Div. 468; Lynott v. Great Lakes Transit Corp., 202 App. Div. 613; 234 N.Y. 626; Chicago, M., St. P. P.R.R. Co. v. Busby, 41 Fed. Rep. [2d] 617).
Cases bearing upon the award of costs ( Missouri, K. T. Ry. Co. v. Harris, 234 U.S. 412, 421), or permitting the addition of interest accruing after the verdict, but not before ( Massachusetts Benefit Assn. v. Miles, 137 U.S. 689; Leitch v. Chesapeake Ohio Ry. Co., 97 W. Va. 498), are either indecisive or irrelevant.
The order of the Appellate Division should be reversed and that of the Special Term affirmed, with costs in the Appellate Division and in this court, and the question certified answered "yes."
CARDOZO, Ch. J., POUND, CRANE, LEHMAN, KELLOGG, O'BRIEN and HUBBS, JJ., concur.