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M.P. v. Cent. Islip Union Free Sch. Dist.

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Jul 10, 2019
174 A.D.3d 636 (N.Y. App. Div. 2019)

Opinion

2019–00069 Index No. 30446/12

07-10-2019

M.P., etc., et al., Respondents, v. CENTRAL ISLIP UNION FREE SCHOOL DISTRICT, Appellant, et al., Defendants.

Ahmuty, Demers & McManus, Albertson, N.Y. (Nicholas M. Cardascia and Glenn A. Kaminska of counsel), for appellant. Leonard J. Tartamella (Jacobson & Schwartz, LLP, Jericho, N.Y. [Henry J. Cernitz ], of counsel), for respondents.


Ahmuty, Demers & McManus, Albertson, N.Y. (Nicholas M. Cardascia and Glenn A. Kaminska of counsel), for appellant.

Leonard J. Tartamella (Jacobson & Schwartz, LLP, Jericho, N.Y. [Henry J. Cernitz ], of counsel), for respondents.

LEONARD B. AUSTIN, J.P., JOHN M. LEVENTHAL, SHERI S. ROMAN, HECTOR D. LASALLE, JJ.

DECISION & ORDER In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, etc., the defendant Central Islip Union Free School District appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Suffolk County (Sanford Neil Berland, J.), dated October 2, 2018. The order denied the motion of the defendant Central Islip Union Free School District for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against it.

ORDERED that the order is reversed, on the law, with costs, and the motion of the defendant Central Islip Union Free School District for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against it is granted.

The infant plaintiff, a kindergarten student at a school in the defendant Central Islip Union Free School District (hereinafter the School District), allegedly was injured when she was pushed into a wall by a fellow kindergarten student while they were lining up outside their classroom before the afternoon session. The infant plaintiff, by her mother, and the mother individually, commenced this action against, among others, the School District, asserting a cause of action to recover damages for negligent supervision. The School District moved for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against it. The Supreme Court denied the motion. The School District appeals.

"Schools are under a duty to adequately supervise the students in their charge and they will be held liable for foreseeable injuries proximately related to the absence of adequate supervision" ( Mirand v. City of New York, 84 N.Y.2d 44, 49, 614 N.Y.S.2d 372, 637 N.E.2d 263 ; see R.T. v. Three Vil. Cent. Sch. Dist. , 153 A.D.3d 747, 747–748, 59 N.Y.S.3d 483 ; Mathis v. Board of Educ. of City of N.Y. , 126 A.D.3d 951, 953, 7 N.Y.S.3d 182 ). However, where an accident occurs in so short a span of time that even the most intense supervision could not have prevented it, lack of supervision is not the proximate cause of the injury and summary judgment in favor of a defendant charged with the duty of reasonable supervision is warranted (see Hinz v. Wantagh Union Free Sch. Dist. , 165 A.D.3d 1074, 1076, 86 N.Y.S.3d 140 ; S.M. v. Plainedge Union Free School Dist. , 162 A.D.3d 814, 816, 79 N.Y.S.3d 215 ; Duffy v. Long Beach City Sch. Dist. , 134 A.D.3d 761, 764, 22 N.Y.S.3d 88 ; Convey v. City of Rye School Dist. , 271 A.D.2d 154, 160, 710 N.Y.S.2d 641 ).

Here, the School District established, prima facie, that the incident occurred in so short a period of time that any negligent supervision on its part was not a proximate cause of the infant plaintiff's alleged injuries (see Meyer v. Magalios , 170 A.D.3d 1163, 1165, 97 N.Y.S.3d 265 ; Brown v. South Country Cent. Sch. Dist., 137 A.D.3d 732, 733, 25 N.Y.S.3d 675 ; Keith S. v. East Islip Union Free Sch. Dist. , 96 A.D.3d 927, 928, 946 N.Y.S.2d 638 ). In opposition, the plaintiffs failed to raise a triable issue of fact (see Diaz v. Brentwood Union Free Sch. Dist. , 141 A.D.3d 556, 558, 36 N.Y.S.3d 161 ).

Accordingly, the Supreme Court should have granted the School District's motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint insofar as asserted against it.

AUSTIN, J.P., LEVENTHAL, ROMAN and LASALLE, JJ., concur.


Summaries of

M.P. v. Cent. Islip Union Free Sch. Dist.

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Jul 10, 2019
174 A.D.3d 636 (N.Y. App. Div. 2019)
Case details for

M.P. v. Cent. Islip Union Free Sch. Dist.

Case Details

Full title:M.P., etc., et al., respondents, v. Central Islip Union Free School…

Court:SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department

Date published: Jul 10, 2019

Citations

174 A.D.3d 636 (N.Y. App. Div. 2019)
101 N.Y.S.3d 898
2019 N.Y. Slip Op. 5553

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