No. 18-1672 No. 18-6690
Teresa Miller, Appellant Pro Se.
Appeals from the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia, at Charleston. John T. Copenhaver, Jr., Senior District Judge. (2:17-cv-03951; 2:17-cv-04130) Before RICHARDSON and QUATTLEBAUM, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge. Dismissed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Teresa Miller, Appellant Pro Se. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. PER CURIAM:
In these consolidated appeals, Teresa Miller seeks to appeal the district court's order overruling her objections to the magistrate judge's rulings on her motions to transfer, for a change of venue, to amend her complaint, to admit additional evidence, and for a jury trial in her civil actions brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (2012) and Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of Fed. Bureau of Narcotics, 403 U.S. 388 (1971). This court may exercise jurisdiction only over final orders, 28 U.S.C. § 1291 (2012), and certain interlocutory and collateral orders, 28 U.S.C. § 1292 (2012); Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(b); Cohen v. Beneficial Indus. Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541, 545-46 (1949). The order Miller seeks to appeal is neither a final order nor an appealable interlocutory or collateral order. Accordingly, we dismiss the appeals for lack of jurisdiction. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
Although this court has been named as a defendant-appellee in appeal No. 18-1672, we exercise our discretion to decide the appeal pursuant to the Rule of Necessity. United States v. Will, 449 U.S. 200, 211-17 (1980).
Insofar as Miller seeks to appeal the magistrate judge's pretrial orders ruling on these nondispositive issues, we also lack jurisdiction to consider her appeals of those interlocutory orders. --------