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Mrak v. City of New York

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Second Department
Apr 12, 1993
595 N.Y.S.2d 831 (N.Y. App. Div. 1993)

Opinion

April 12, 1993

Appeal from the Supreme Court, Queens County (O'Donoghue, J.).


Ordered that the appeal from the order dated April 1, 1991, is dismissed, as that order was superseded by the order dated May 24, 1991, made upon reargument; and it is further,

Ordered that the order dated May 24, 1991, is affirmed insofar as appealed from; and it is further,

Ordered that the respondent is awarded one bill of costs.

On October 21, 1989, the petitioner Natalie Mrak, then five years old, injured herself when she fell off a playground structure made of wooden posts and metal pipes. Approximately one year and three months later, the petitioners brought this application for leave to serve a late notice of claim, asserting that the delay was excusable because Natalie was an infant and her father spoke only limited English. The court denied the application. Subsequently, the court granted reargument, but adhered to the original determination.

The court did not improvidently exercise its discretion in denying the petitioners' application. As the Supreme Court stated, "[t]he delay in both filing a notice of claim and moving for permission to file are unrelated to the [petitioner's] infancy". The petitioners' remaining excuse, that the father did not fully understand English is, in itself, an insufficient basis to permit the late service of the notice of claim (see, Taverna v City of New York, 166 A.D.2d 314, 315). Further, there is no evidence in the record that any representative of the City of New York learned of the incident until this proceeding was commenced. Thus, the petitioners have failed to satisfy their burden of establishing that the respondent had actual knowledge of the essential facts constituting the claim in the time within which a notice of claim could be served or within a reasonable time thereafter (see generally, Washington v City of New York, 72 N.Y.2d 881, 883; Matter of Soe v County of Westchester, 142 A.D.2d 584; Braverman v City of White Plains, 115 A.D.2d 689; Caselli v City of New York, 105 A.D.2d 251, 255). Under all of the circumstances, it cannot be said that the City of New York would not be prejudiced if the petitioners were now permitted to serve a notice of claim (see, Matter of Perry v City of New York, 133 A.D.2d 692; Braverman v City of White Plains, supra). Lawrence, J.P., Eiber, O'Brien and Ritter, JJ., concur.


Summaries of

Mrak v. City of New York

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Second Department
Apr 12, 1993
595 N.Y.S.2d 831 (N.Y. App. Div. 1993)
Case details for

Mrak v. City of New York

Case Details

Full title:In the Matter of MILAN MRAK et al., Appellants, v. CITY OF NEW YORK…

Court:Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Second Department

Date published: Apr 12, 1993

Citations

595 N.Y.S.2d 831 (N.Y. App. Div. 1993)
595 N.Y.S.2d 831

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