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Matter of McGrath

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Fourth Department
Dec 31, 1997
245 A.D.2d 1081 (N.Y. App. Div. 1997)

Opinion

December 31, 1997

Present — Denman, P.J., Lawton, Wisner, Balio and Boehm, JJ.


Appeal unanimously dismissed without costs. Memorandum: After a Rivers hearing ( Rivers v. Katz, 67 N.Y.2d 485, rearg denied 68 N.Y.2d 808), Supreme Court granted the application of petitioner, Michael McGrath, M.D., Director of Inpatient Care for Park Ridge Hospital, Inc., for permission to administer antipsychotic drugs to respondent without her consent. Because respondent is no longer a patient at Park Ridge Hospital, the appeal is moot. Respondent is no longer aggrieved by the order because she is no longer subject to the forcible administration of antipsychotic drugs at that facility ( see, Matter of Hearst Corp. v. Clyne, 50 N.Y.2d 707, 713; Matter of Garcia v. Soley, 63 A.D.2d 981).

Respondent failed to show that this controversy falls within any recognized exception to the mootness doctrine. A case falls within an exception to the mootness doctrine where "three common factors [are present]: (1) a likelihood of repetition, either between the parties or among other members of the public; (2) a phenomenon typically evading review; and (3) a showing of significant or important questions not previously passed on, i.e., substantial and novel issues" ( Matter of Hearst Corp. v. Clyne, supra, at 714-715; see, Matter of Schultz v. State of New York, 200 A.D.2d 936, 937, appeal dismissed 83 N.Y.2d 905). Here, the issue whether the order authorizing involuntary medication is over-broad has no application outside this particular proceeding. It would be wholly speculative to assume that the exact facts at issue will be repeated in another case and will result in a similar order. Further, the issue is not one that typically evades review; a patient would be entitled to a Rivers hearing in any other proceeding where Park Ridge Hospital or any other facility seeks to medicate a patient without his or her consent. Finally, the issue does not present a substantial and novel issue; rather, it presents a typical Rivers issue. (Appeal from Order of Supreme Court, Monroe County, Ciaccio, J. — Mental Hygiene Law.)


Summaries of

Matter of McGrath

Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Fourth Department
Dec 31, 1997
245 A.D.2d 1081 (N.Y. App. Div. 1997)
Case details for

Matter of McGrath

Case Details

Full title:In the Matter of MICHAEL McGRATH, as Director of Inpatient Care for Park…

Court:Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Fourth Department

Date published: Dec 31, 1997

Citations

245 A.D.2d 1081 (N.Y. App. Div. 1997)
667 N.Y.S.2d 550

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