Matter of Catlin
Orleans Co. Hwy. Dept

Not overruled or negatively treated on appealinfoCoverage
Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York, Fourth DepartmentNov 13, 1998
255 A.D.2d 966 (N.Y. App. Div. 1998)
255 A.D.2d 966680 N.Y.S.2d 35

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November 13, 1998

Present — Pine, J. P., Hayes, Wisner and Boehm, JJ.

Determination unanimously confirmed without costs and petition dismissed. Memorandum: After a hearing pursuant to Civil Service Law § 75, petitioner was discharged from his employment as a maintenance equipment operator for respondent Orleans County Highway Department because he tested positive for marihuana during a random drug test administered pursuant to the drug and alcohol testing policy for respondent Orleans County (County). His duties included the operation of heavy equipment in excess of 75,000 pounds in proximity to other employees and the general public. Petitioner brought this CPLR article 78 proceeding, contending, inter alia, that the penalty was arbitrary and capricious and an abuse of discretion. Because no substantial evidence question was raised, the proceeding was erroneously transferred to this Court pursuant to CPLR 7804 (g). Nevertheless, we will retain jurisdiction to decide this case on the merits ( see, Matter of Charles v. Commissioner, N.Y. State Dept. of Social Servs., 240 A.D.2d 490).

We reject the contention of petitioner that he was denied due process because he did not receive adequate notice of the consequences of a positive drug test. The record establishes that, before the County implemented its drug and alcohol testing policy, petitioner underwent mandatory training concerning that policy and was informed that a positive drug test could result in his loss of employment. The further contention of petitioner that his discharge pursuant to a zero tolerance drug policy was arbitrary and capricious also lacks merit.

Finally, the penalty of dismissal, while severe, "`is [not] so disproportionate to the offense, in the light of all the circumstances, as to be shocking to one's sense of fairness'" ( Matter of Pell v. Board of Educ., 34 N.Y.2d 222, 233; see, Matter of Gordon v. Brown, 84 N.Y.2d 574, 580; Trotta v. Ward, 77 N.Y.2d 827, rearg dismissed 79 N.Y.2d 887; see also, Exxon Corp. v. Esso Workers' Union, 118 F.3d 841, 849). (CPLR art 78 Proceeding Transferred by Order of Supreme Court, Orleans County, Dillon, J.)

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