Case No. 1:20-cv-00212
Magistrate Judge Thomas M. Parker ORDER
Before the Court is the Magistrate Judge's Report and Recommendation (R&R) (ECF No. 16), filed December 29, 2020, in this appeal from the administrative action of the Social Security Administration, which denied Plaintiff's application for disability insurance benefits. The Magistrate Judge recommends the Court affirm that decision.
The R&R advised both parties that a failure to object within 14 days may result in waiver of rights on appeal, which includes the right to review before the Court. (ECF No. 16, PageID #1665.) Under the law of this Circuit, "failure to object to a magistrate judge's Report and Recommendation results in a waiver of appeal on that issue as long as the magistrate judge informs parties of that potential waiver." United States v. Wandahsega, 924 F.3d 868, 878 (6th Cir. 2019) (emphasis added); United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d 947, 949-50 (6th Cir. 1981); see also Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 152 (1985) (holding that the Sixth Circuit's waiver rule is within its supervisory powers and "[t]here is no indication that Congress, in enacting § 636(b)(1)(C), intended to require a district judge to review a magistrate's report to which no objections are filed").
Recently, the Sixth Circuit clarified this rule: failure to object is not a waiver, but a forfeiture. Berkshire v. Beauvais, 928 F.3d 520, 530 (6th Cir. 2019) ("We clarify that forfeiture, rather than waiver, is the relevant term here."). This is so because "[w]aiver is different than forfeiture." United States v. Olando, 507 U.S. 725, 733 (1993); Freytag v. Commissioner, 501 U.S. 868, 894 n.2 (1991) (Scalia, J., concurring) (noting the Supreme Court's cases "often used [waiver and forfeiture] interchangeably," but that "[t]he two are really not the same."). This difference matters because forfeited issues may, in certain circumstances, nevertheless be considered on appeal." Berkshire, 928 F.3d at 530 (citing Harris v. Klare, 902 F.3d 630, 635-36 (6th Cir. 2018)).
In any event, the time for filing objections to the R&R has passed. Mr. Marrero neither objected, nor provided some legitimate reason why he failed to do so. Nor does there appear to be clear error in the Magistrate Judge's R&R. Therefore, the Court ADOPTS the Report and Recommendation (ECF No. 16) and AFFIRMS the Commissioner's final decision. The Court further DIRECTS the Clerk to enter judgment accordingly.
SO ORDERED. Dated: April 12, 2021
J. Philip Calabrese
United States District Judge
Northern District of Ohio