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Lurch v. NYCHHC

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
Feb 23, 2021
21-CV-1567 (CM) (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 23, 2021)

Opinion

21-CV-1567 (CM)

02-23-2021

ROBERT DEREK LURCH JR., Plaintiff, v. NYCHHC; EVERY DOCTOR THAT DIAGNOSED AND TREATED ANY INMATE (DETAINEE) FROM I.A.A. WITH THE FLU OR FLU LIKE SYMPTOMS BUT FAILED TO ISOLATE THEM FROM GENERAL POPULATION AFTERWARDS, Defendants.


ORDER OF DISMISSAL UNDER 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) :

Plaintiff, currently detained in the Anna M. Kross Center on Rikers Island, brings this action pro se. Plaintiff also requests to proceed without prepayment of fees, that is, in forma pauperis ("IFP"). Plaintiff is barred, however, from filing any new action IFP while a prisoner. See Lurch v. Bernal, No. 20-CV-9329 (CM) (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 21, 2020). That order relied on 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g), which provides that:

In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action [IFP] if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.

Although Plaintiff has filed this new action seeking IFP status, his complaint does not show that Plaintiff is in imminent danger of serious physical injury. Instead, Plaintiff alleges that from December 5, 2019, to December 22, 2019, Defendants violated his constitutional rights and the rights of other detainees. Plaintiff is therefore barred from filing this action IFP.

An imminent danger is one "existing at the time the complaint is filed." Malik v. McGinnis, 293 F.3d 559, 563 (2d Cir. 2002). A danger "that has dissipated by the time a complaint is filed" is not sufficient. Pettus v. Morgenthau, 554 F.3d 293, 296 (2d Cir. 2009).

CONCLUSION

The Clerk of Court is directed to mail a copy of this order to Plaintiff and note service on the docket. The Court denies Plaintiff's request to proceed IFP, and the complaint is dismissed without prejudice under the PLRA's "three-strikes" rule. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Plaintiff remains barred from filing any future action IFP while in custody, unless he is under imminent threat of serious physical injury. Id.

Plaintiff may commence a new action by paying the filing fee. If Plaintiff does so, that complaint will be reviewed under 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, which requires the Court to dismiss any civil rights complaint from a prisoner if it "(1) is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted; or (2) seeks monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief." 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b).

The Court may bar any vexatious litigant (including a nonprisoner) from filing future actions (even if the filing fee is paid) without first obtaining leave from the Court. See In re Martin-Trigona, 9 F.3d 226, 227-30 (2d Cir. 1993) (discussing sanctions courts may impose on vexatious litigants, including "leave of court" requirement). --------

The Court certifies under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) that any appeal from this order would not be taken in good faith, and therefore IFP status is denied for the purpose of an appeal. Cf. Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 444-45 (1962) (holding that an appellant demonstrates good faith when he seeks review of a nonfrivolous issue). SO ORDERED. Dated: February 23, 2021

New York, New York

/s/_________

COLLEEN McMAHON

Chief United States District Judge


Summaries of

Lurch v. NYCHHC

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK
Feb 23, 2021
21-CV-1567 (CM) (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 23, 2021)
Case details for

Lurch v. NYCHHC

Case Details

Full title:ROBERT DEREK LURCH JR., Plaintiff, v. NYCHHC; EVERY DOCTOR THAT DIAGNOSED…

Court:UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK

Date published: Feb 23, 2021

Citations

21-CV-1567 (CM) (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 23, 2021)