DECIDED MAY 3, 1985.
Action on contract. Fulton Superior Court. Before Judge Langford.
A. E. Daniel III, for appellant.
John R. Lowery, for appellee.
In 1965, appellant-plaintiff became a distributor of appellee-defendant's products. There was never a written agreement between the parties. The oral agreement was only that the relationship would continue for an indefinite period. In February of 1983, appellee informed appellant that the relationship would be terminated and, several months later, it was. Appellant then filed the instant action, alleging a wrongful termination of its distributors hip. Appellee's motion for summary judgment was granted and appellant appeals.
"Generally, an agency is revocable at the will of the principal. . . . If, however, the power is coupled with an interest in the agent himself, it is not revocable at will. . . ." OCGA § 10-6-33. "In the absence of some contractual provision to the contrary, an agency for a . . . corporation to distribute its products in a certain territory for commissions would not be irrevocable as a power coupled with an interest merely because the agent expends time, efforts, and money to increase the business of the agency. [Cits.]" Wheeler v. Pan-American Petroleum Corp., 48 Ga. App. 378 ( 172 S.E. 826) (1933). Thus, in the instant case, "[a]ssuming that an agency was created for an indefinite time, it was revocable by the [appellee] at will inasmuch as it was not coupled with an interest. [Cit.]" Gunter Bros., Inc. v. Cooper Tire Rubber Co., 87 Ga. App. 626, 627 ( 74 S.E.2d 744) (1953). Accordingly, the instant agency agreement "gives rise to no cause of action against the [appellee] for wrongful termination. [Cit.]" Elder v. Ivey, 171 Ga. App. 496, 497 ( 320 S.E.2d 217) (1984). See also Cannon v. Geneva Wheel Stamping Corp., 172 Ga. App. 20 ( 322 S.E.2d 69) (1984); West Va. Glass Specialty Co. v. Guice Walshe, Inc., 170 Ga. App. 556 ( 317 S.E.2d 592) (1984).
Appellant invokes certain provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code, OCGA § 11-1-101 et seq. However, the agreement underlying this suit was not one governed by the provisions of that statute. See Dixie Lime Stone Co. v. Wiggins Scale Co., 144 Ga. App. 145 (2) ( 240 S.E.2d 323) (1977); Harris v. Clark, 157 Ga. App. 549 (1) ( 278 S.E.2d 132) (1981).
Appellant also asserts that his action is nonetheless sustainable pursuant to OCGA § 13-3-44 (a): "A promise which the promiser should reasonably except to induce action or forbearance on the part of the promisee or a third person and which does induce such action or forbearance is binding if injustice can be avoided only by enforcement of the promise." This statute is a codification of the principle of "promissory estoppel," which principle relates to the sufficiency of the consideration to enforce a promise. See Pepsi Cola Bottling Co. v. First Nat. Bank, 248 Ga. 114, 116 (2) ( 281 S.E.2d 579) (1981). The principle of promissory estoppel merely provides that, in certain circumstances, the reliance by the promisee or third party upon the promise of another is sufficient consideration, in and of itself, to render the executory promise enforceable against the promisor. See generally Irvin v. Lowe's of Gainesville, 165 Ga. App. 828, 830 ( 302 S.E.2d 734) (1983). This principle has no application in the instant case. There is no contention that appellee made any promise to appellant as to the specific duration of the distributorship, the general understanding being only that it would continue for an indefinite period. Thus, there is no executory promise on the part of appellee to be enforced. Compare Hans Godo Frabel, Inc. v. Brennan's of Atlanta, 151 Ga. App. 379 ( 259 S.E.2d 649) (1979). "[A] discharged employee's understanding, assumption, and conclusion concerning . . . a contract [terminable at will] certainly are not enforceable." Buice v. Gulf Oil Corp., 172 Ga. App. 93, 95 ( 322 S.E.2d 103) (1984).
The trial court did not err in granting summary judgment in favor of appellee.
Judgment affirmed. Sognier and Benham, JJ., concur. Birdsong, P. J., disqualified.