Loveless
v.
Grooms

Court of Appeals of GeorgiaSep 26, 1986
180 Ga. App. 424 (Ga. Ct. App. 1986)
180 Ga. App. 424349 S.E.2d 281

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73105.

DECIDED SEPTEMBER 26, 1986.

Action for damages. Carroll Superior Court. Before Judge Smith.

Douglas C. Vassy, for appellants. Thomas E. Greer, for appellees.


The defendants in this personal injury action were awarded judgment on the pleadings, based on the running of the statute of limitation. The plaintiffs appeal.

The action arose from an automobile collision which occurred on June 30, 1983. The complaint was stamped filed on June 30, 1985, which, strangely enough, was a Sunday. Under then-existing law, the 2-year limitation period for filing the action (see OCGA § 9-3-33) was deemed to have expired at midnight the previous day. See Reese v. Henderson, 156 Ga. App. 809 ( 275 S.E.2d 664) (1980). However, the plaintiffs contend that the cause of action was revived the following Monday, July 1, 1985, when Ga. L. 1985, p. 648, § 1 became effective. That statute amended OCGA § 1-3-1 (d) (3) so as to make it read, in pertinent part, that "when a period of time measured in days, weeks, months, years, or other measurements of time except hours is prescribed for the exercise of any privilege or the discharge of any duty, . . . if the last day falls on Saturday or Sunday, the party having such privilege or duty shall have through the following Monday to exercise the privilege or to discharge the duty." (Emphasis supplied.)

Previously, the code section had provided for such an extension only if the limitation period in question was measured in days, and it was on the basis of that wording that it had been held inapplicable to limitation periods expressed in years. See Allstate Ins. Co. v. Stephens, 239 Ga. 717, 718 ( 238 S.E.2d 382) (1977). At issue in this appeal is whether the 1985 amendment applied retroactively in this case, so as to revive the plaintiffs' previously expired cause of action. Held:

"A statute of limitations is remedial in nature. Jaro, Inc. v. Shields, 123 Ga. App. 391, 392 ( 181 S.E.2d 110) (1971). Laws which act upon remedies alone, although retroactive, will be enforced, provided they do not impair the obligation of contracts or disturb absolutely vested rights, and only go to confirm rights already existing, and in furtherance of the remedy, by curing defects and adding to the means of enforcing existing obligations." Canton Textile Mills v. Lathem, 253 Ga. 102, 104 ( 317 S.E.2d 189) (1984). However, "[i]t has been held by the Supreme Court and this court that a statute is not to be construed retroactively in operation unless the language of the statute imperatively requires it. (Cits.)" Jaro, Inc. v. Shields, supra, 123 Ga. App. at 392. (Emphasis supplied.)

Because the 1985 amendment to OCGA § 1-3-1 (d) (3) was silent on the question of retroactive application, it follows that it has no application to the present case. Accordingly, the trial court correctly concluded that the amendment did not operate to breathe new life into the plaintiffs' previously expired cause of action. Accord Jaro, Inc. v. Shields, supra. Compare Canton Textile Mills v. Lathem, supra.

Judgment affirmed. Birdsong, P. J., and Sognier, J., concur.

DECIDED SEPTEMBER 26, 1986.