Argued June 17, 2002.
October 21, 2002.
In an action, inter alia, to permanently enjoin the defendants from trespassing on the plaintiffs' property, the defendant Richard Wilson appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Nassau County (DeMaro, J.), dated May 9, 2001, which granted the plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment permanently enjoining the defendants from trespassing on their property.
Alfred J. Skidmore, Hicksville, N.Y., for appellant.
John M. Brickman, Great Neck, N.Y., and New York Civil Liberties Union Foundation, New York, N.Y. (Rebekah Diller and Arthur Eisenberg of counsel), for respondents (one brief filed).
Before: ANITA R. FLORIO, J.P., SONDRA MILLER, SANDRA L. TOWNES, BARRY A. COZIER, JJ.
ORDERED that the order is affirmed, with costs.
The plaintiff Long Island Gynecological Services, P.C., is a reproductive healthcare facility which leases space on the second floor of a building owned by the plaintiff 1103 Stewart Avenue Associates. Long Island Gynecological Services, P.C., performs abortions on the premises.
The defendant Richard Wilson regularly sat on a lawn chair or kneeled near the main entrance to the building in an effort to prevent patients from entering the premises to obtain abortions. Wilson also videotaped people on more than 10 occasions between October 23, 1998, and October 1999. Wilson was repeatedly asked to leave by the building manager. The plaintiffs commenced this action against Wilson and others alleging that they trespassed on their private property for the purpose of preventing women from entering the premises to obtain abortions.
Liability for civil trespass requires the fact-finder to consider whether the person, without justification or permission, either intentionally entered upon another's property, or, if entry was permitted, that the person refused "to leave after permission to remain ha[d] been withdrawn" (Rager v. McCloskey, 305 N.Y. 75, 79). The threat of continuing trespass entitles a property owner to injunctive relief where irreparable injury may result (see Exchange Bakery Restaurant v. Rifkin, 245 N.Y. 260; New York State Natl. Org. for Women v. Terry, 886 F.2d 1339, cert denied 495 U.S. 947).
Here, the plaintiffs presented evidence establishing that Wilson committed a civil trespass. Wilson failed to submit sufficient evidence to establish the existence of a triable issue of fact (see Alvarez v. Prospect Hosp., 68 N.Y.2d 320; Zuckerman v. City of New York, 49 N.Y.2d 557). The Supreme Court properly granted the plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment permanently enjoining the defendants from trespassing on their property.
Wilson's remaining contentions are without merit.
FLORIO, J.P., S. MILLER, TOWNES and COZIER, JJ., concur.