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Konick Appeal

Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania
Apr 3, 1978
383 A.2d 1002 (Pa. Cmmw. Ct. 1978)


Argued October 31, 1977

April 3, 1978.

Civil service — Scope of appellate review — Error of law — Violation of constitutional rights — Findings of fact — Substantial evidence — Civil Service Act, Act 1941, August 5, P.L. 752 — Just cause for dismissal — Job-related misconduct — Continuance — Decisions of counsel — Right to be heard — Questions not raised below.

1. Review by the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania of a decision of the State Civil Service Commission is to determine whether an error of law was committed, constitutional rights were violated or necessary findings of fact were unsupported by substantial evidence. [504]

2. Serious misconduct and incompetency in matters directly related to the job of a classified employe can properly be held to constitute just cause for dismissal under the Civil Service Act, Act 1941, August 5, P.L. 752. [505-6]

3. The State Civil Service Commission does not abuse its discretion in denying a one day continuance requested by a classified employe against whom criminal charges were also pending, when the request was not made until the appointing authority had completed its evidence and when the Commission was not advised that the delay was sought so that the employe could avoid testifying to his possible prejudice in the criminal proceeding. [506]

4. The decision of counsel not to permit his client to testify is binding upon the client. [506]

5. A classified employe is not denied an opportunity to be heard by the State Civil Service Commission because he failed to present any evidence after being offered that opportunity. [506-7]

6. Questions not raised before the State Civil Service Commission cannot be raised on appeal from the Commission to the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania. [507]

Argued October 31, 1977, before Judges CRUMLISH, JR. and BLATT, sitting as a panel of two.

Appeal, No. 1683 C.D. 1975, from the Order of the State Civil Service Commission in case of In Re: Appeal of Alexander Konick, No. 1673.

Suspension and removal of classified employe by the Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board. Employe appealed to the State Civil Service Commission. Appeal dismissed. Employe appealed to the Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania. Held: Affirmed.

Michael W. Zurat, for appellant.

William C. O'Toole, Assistant Attorney General, with him Robert P. Kane, Attorney General, for appellee.

Alexander V. Konick appeals to us from a State Civil Service Commission (Commission) order which sustained his suspension and later removal by the Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board (PLCB) from his position as a regular status Enforcement Officer IV.

Effective June 3, 1975, Konick was suspended without pay by the PLCB Executive Director on a charge of "conduct unbecoming an enforcement officer." The PLCB affirmed this suspension and ordered his removal from his position effective July 14, 1975. On appeal, the Commission heard the PLCB's evidence with regard to its charges against Konick and, on that basis alone, concluded that he had been removed for "just cause" pursuant to Section 807 of the Civil Service Act (Act), 71 P. S. § 741.807. Following the advice of his counsel, Konick did not testify or produce any witnesses at the Commission hearing, his reason apparently being that two criminal prosecutions had also been initiated against Konick which directly related to the PLCB's charges.

Act of August 5, 1941, P.L. 752, as amended, 71 P. S. § 741.1 et seq.

The appeal raises four distinct issues: (1) whether or not the record substantiates a finding of just cause for removal, (2) whether or not the Commission acted arbitrarily in denying a continuance, (3) whether or not Konick was denied equal protection, due process, and effective assistance of counsel, and (4) whether or not he was denied a fair hearing because of adverse publicity. Our scope of review, of course, is limited to a determination of whether or not the Commission erred as a matter of law or violated Konick's constitutional rights and whether or not the findings necessary to support the Commission's adjudication are supported by substantial evidence. Department of Health v. Howell, 24 Pa. Commw. 42, 354 A.2d 21 (1976). If the Commission's findings are supported by evidence sufficient to convince a reasonable mind to a fair degree of certainty, we must accept the findings and we may not substitute our own judgment. McClelland v. State Civil Service Commission, 14 Pa. Commw. 339, 322 A.2d 133 (1974).

The Commission made nineteen findings which we have carefully reviewed and which we find to be supported by the testimony presented at the hearing. Moreover, we believe that these findings adequately substantiate the Commission's conclusion that Konick was removed for just cause.

As we have previously held, an employee is properly removed under the "just cause" provision of the Act if the removal is based on merit criteria related to the job and touches in some rational and logical manner upon competency and ability. Kaplan v. State Civil Service Commission, 13 Pa. Commw. 29, 317 A.2d 683 (1974). And, without detailing all of the findings, the record clearly establishes the following:

11. Appellant ordered Enforcement Officers under his supervision to ignore certain Liquor Code violations observed during the course of their investigation.

12. Appellant ordered Enforcement Officers under his supervision to falsify enforcement investigation reports and/or recommendations by omission or alteration.

15. Appellant used improper direction and discipline of personnel under his supervision resulting in waste of Commonwealth funds. . ..

16. Appellant deliberately violated the Enforcement Officer contract negotiated between the FOP and the Commonwealth by refusing legitimate benefits to Enforcement Officers under his supervision, as means of reprisal and/or discipline.

Undoubtedly these findings are job-related, and they represent both serious misconduct and incompetency sufficient to support the Commission's order.

Konick also contends that he was improperly denied a continuance, relying on the case of Cotter v. State Civil Service Commission, 6 Pa. Commw. 498, 297 A.2d 176 (1972), in which this Court held that the Commission had abused its discretion in denying a requested continuance to an individual facing criminal charges who did not wish to testify in his own defense before the Commission while the charges were pending. Konick's case, however, is easily distinguishable from Cotter, supra. Here Konick waited until after the PLCB had presented its evidence before making his request for a "recess" of one day, and his attorney at no time indicated to the Commission that his reason for delay was to avoid the necessity of testifying in a manner which could jeopardize his position in the criminal cases. We cannot believe that the denial of a one day delay was an abuse of the Commission's discretion where the granting of such a continuance would have done nothing to ameliorate Konick's dilemma, especially where the Commission was never informed of the reason for the continuance request.

Konick apparently believes that his counsel gave him ineffective assistance in advising him not to testify before the Commission. Even in a criminal trial, however, decisions of counsel which are strategic in nature, such as the decision not to permit an individual to testify, are binding on the client. Commonwealth ex rel. Bell v. Rundle, 420 Pa. 127, 216 A.2d 57, cert. denied, 384 U.S. 966 (1966). We do not believe that Konick received ineffective assistance, but even if we did, he must be bound by his counsel's decision. Moreover, we find no merit in his argument that he was denied due process or equal protection in not being given a "full opportunity to be heard," for the record reveals that he was, in fact, given an opportunity by the Commission to present evidence but that he simply did not present any. Finally, Konick claims that he was denied a fair hearing because of several newspaper articles relating to his removal which appeared prior to the Commission's hearings. He did not, however, raise the matter of unfair publicity before the Commission, and his attempts to raise it here by attaching copies of the articles to his brief cannot bring this issue properly before us. These articles cannot become part of the record by reason of their appendage to a brief.

For all of the foregoing reasons, we will affirm the Commission's order.


AND Now, this 3rd day of April, 1978, the order of the State Civil Service Commission sustaining the removal of Alexander Konick from his position of Enforcement Officer IV, regular status, is hereby affirmed.

Summaries of

Konick Appeal

Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania
Apr 3, 1978
383 A.2d 1002 (Pa. Cmmw. Ct. 1978)
Case details for

Konick Appeal

Case Details

Full title:In Re: Appeal of Alexander Konick from Suspension and Removal as…

Court:Commonwealth Court of Pennsylvania

Date published: Apr 3, 1978


383 A.2d 1002 (Pa. Cmmw. Ct. 1978)
383 A.2d 1002

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