In Kircos v. Goodyear Tire Rubber Co., 70 Mich. App. 612, 247 N.W.2d 316 (1976), the court held that Michigan courts could assert general personal jurisdiction over a defendant who solicited sales in Michigan, maintained a dealer in Michigan, realized an average of 2.78% of its total revenue from Michigan customers, and had dozens of sales in Michigan to customers who were among the large industries in Michigan.Summary of this case from Hekman Furniture Co. v. Front Steel Importers, Inc.
Docket No. 25916.
Decided August 10, 1976.
Appeal from Wayne, Thomas J. Foley, J. Submitted June 10, 1976, at Detroit. (Docket No. 25916.) Decided August 10, 1976.
Complaint by Louis Kircos and Donald J. Brodowicz against Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, Roger Penske Chevrolet, Inc., Roger Penske Performance Division, Lola Cars Limited, Sports Car Club of America, Inc., and Carl A. Haas Automobile Imports, Inc., for damages for injuries suffered when a tire exploded while being inflated. A motion by defendant Carl A. Haas Automobile Imports, Inc., to dismiss the complaint and to quash service of process was denied. Defendant Haas appeals by leave granted. Affirmed.
Clark, Klein, Winter, Parsons Prewitt (by David M. Hayes and James C. Van Dyke), for plaintiffs.
Lowell C. Stellberger, for defendant Carl A. Haas Automobile Imports, Inc.
The plaintiffs, Michigan residents, were injured in Wisconsin when a tire on a car imported by defendant Haas exploded while being inflated. The defendant, an Illinois corporation, is not licensed to do business in Michigan, has no place of business in Michigan, has no resident agent in Michigan, and does not own real or tangible property in Michigan. Defendant moved to dismiss the complaint and quash service of process alleging lack of jurisdiction by Michigan courts. Upon the denial of its motion, the defendant takes the instant appeal on leave granted by this Court.
The sole issue on appeal is whether the defendant is subject to the jurisdiction of the Michigan courts.
MCLA 600.711(3); MSA 27A.711(3) provides:
"The existence of any of the following relationships between a corporation and the state shall constitute a sufficient basis of jurisdiction to enable the courts of record of this state to exercise general personal jurisdiction over the corporation and to enable such courts to render personal judgments against the corporation.
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"(3) The carrying on of a continuous and systematic part of its general business within the state."
Thus, the question for resolution is whether the defendant carried on a "continuous and systematic" part of its general business in Michigan.
The facts show that the defendant solicited sales in Michigan by direct mail, advertising media, personal contact, and automobile races. It also maintained a dealer in Michigan. Furthermore, it realized an average of 2.78% of its total revenue during 1970-1974 from Michigan customers and 1.67% of its total revenue ($32,117) in the year preceding this action. Also, among the defendant's customers were some of Michigan's large industries.
"The question becomes whether the appellant maintained `continuous and systematic' contacts necessary to satisfy the doctrine of International Shoe [Co v Washington, 326 U.S. 310; 66 S Ct 154; 90 L Ed 95 (1945)], supra, and the applicable statute. The record and exhibits submitted show that in the year preceding this action, the appellant had dozens of sales in Michigan throughout the year, which altogether totalled over $30,000. Statements of appellant's counsel show the Michigan customers of the appellant to be among the large industries of Michigan. Upon perusal of the record, it is evident that the trial court did not err in ruling that the courts of Michigan properly have jurisdiction over the appellant."
The facts of the case at bar fall within the purview of June. Therefore, the Michigan courts may assert general personal jurisdiction over the defendant.
Affirmed. Costs to appellees.