NOT FOR PUBLICATION
D.C. No. 8:16-cv-00796-RGK-JC MEMORANDUM Appeal from the United States District Court for the Central District of California
R. Gary Klausner, District Judge, Presiding Before: SILVERMAN, BEA, and WATFORD, Circuit Judges.
This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3.
Charles G. Kinney appeals pro se from the district court's judgment dismissing his action alleging violations of the Clean Water Act ("CWA"), 33 U.S.C. § 1365. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291. We review de novo a dismissal for lack of subject matter jurisdiction due to insufficient notice under the CWA. Washington Trout v. McCain Foods, Inc., 45 F.3d 1351, 1353 (9th Cir. 1995). We affirm.
The district court properly determined that it lacked subject matter jurisdiction over Kinney's action because Kinney failed to provide defendants with adequate notice of the alleged CWA violations. See 40 C.F.R. § 135.3 (notice under CWA must provide sufficient information to permit recipient to identify violation); Washington Trout, 45 F.3d at 1354-55 (affirming dismissal of CWA action for lack of subject matter jurisdiction where notice was "insufficient as required by the regulations promulgated under the CWA"); see also Stock West, Inc. v. Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation, 873 F.2d 1221, 1225 (9th Cir. 1989) (stating that the Declaratory Judgment Act "only creates a remedy and is not an independent basis for jurisdiction").
The district court did not abuse its discretion by dismissing Kinney's claims against defendant Three Arch Bay Community Services District ("TAB") because Kinney failed to effectuate timely service of the summons and complaint on TAB or to show good cause for this failure. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(m) (requiring service within 90 days after the complaint is filed); In re Sheehan, 253 F.3d 507, 511-13 (9th Cir. 2001) (setting forth standard of review and discussing district court's broad discretion to dismiss the action without prejudice). For this same reason, the district court did not abuse its discretion by denying Kinney's motion for entry of default against TAB. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(a) (entry of default); Aldabe v. Aldabe, 616 F.2d 1089, 1092-93 (9th Cir. 1980) (setting forth standard of review).
The district court did not abuse its discretion by dismissing the complaint without leave to amend because amendment would be futile. See Cervantes v. Countrywide Home Loans, Inc., 656 F.3d 1034, 1041 (9th Cir. 2011) (setting forth standard of review and explaining that dismissal without leave to amend is proper when amendment would be futile).
We reject Kinney's contention that the district court erred by assigning this case to Judge Klausner in the Western Division of the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California.
We do not consider arguments and allegations raised for the first time on appeal. See Padgett v. Wright, 587 F.3d 983, 985 n.2 (9th Cir. 2009).
The Chaldus' motion to take judicial notice (Docket Entry No. 14) is granted.