In Kibbey Chevrolet, Inc. v. Anderson, 111 Ga. App. 90, 92 (140 S.E.2d 564), this court held that the provision of the 1953 Act, supra, prohibiting parking "within 20 feet of a crosswalk at an intersection" was for the purpose of preventing intersection collisions and for the prevention of obstructions to sight between pedestrians and motorists by parked vehicles.Summary of this case from Archer Plumbing c. Co. v. Dodys
DECIDED JANUARY 5, 1965. REHEARING DENIED JANUARY 28, 1965.
Action for damages. Douglas City Court. Before Judge Waldroup.
McDonald Mills, J. C. McDonald, Memory, Barnes Memory, S. F. Memory, Jr., for plaintiffs in error.
Arthur C. Farrar, Young Young, Elie Holton, Smith Harrington, Will Ed Smith, contra.
1. In order for the violation of a statute to constitute negligence per se it must appear that the violation was negligence as to the person injured.
2. While an ordinance may be too vague and indefinite to authorize a conviction for its violation yet it may still set forth a rule for civil conduct.
3. Before the violation of a municipal ordinance will constitute actionable negligence it must appear that such ordinance was for the protection of the class of persons to which the injured person belongs.
4. The petition set forth a cause of action as against general demurrer and the remaining special demurrers were properly overruled.
5. No harmful error is shown where the trial court admits in evidence a rule of the Georgia Public Service Commission which is identical with a statute of the General Assembly.
6. It is not error to give a correct charge because another correct charge was not also given.
7. In the present case it was not harmful error to fail to charge without request that the jury could consider the possibility of the diminution of the earnings of the deceased in his declining years.
8. An excerpt from a charge which merely gives the contentions of the plaintiff does not amount to the expression of an opinion by the trial court.
9. The trial court did not err in overruling a motion for a judgment non obstante veredicto by the plaintiffs in error.
10. Grounds of a motion for new trial which will probably not recur on another trial will not be considered.
DECIDED JANUARY 5, 1965 — REHEARING DENIED JANUARY 28, 1965.
Mrs. Robbie Harrell Anderson sued to recover for the alleged wrongful death of her son. Named as defendants in the petition as finally amended were Judy Ann Day Johnson, the driver and owner of the automobile in which the deceased was a guest passenger; Kibbey Chevrolet, Inc., and its agent and driver Rosby Fletcher; and Complete Auto Transit, Inc., and its driver and agent Winfred James Carson. The petition alleged that the corporate defendants and their agents caused an unlighted auto carrier trailer to be parked on a street in Douglas, Ga., and to remain there unlighted at night, and that the deceased was killed as a result of an automobile being driven by Judy Ann Day Johnson striking the rear of such unlighted trailer. Demurrers to the petition were overruled and on the trial of the case the jury returned a verdict for the defendant Judy Ann Day Johnson and against the remaining defendants. Thereafter, the motion for a judgment non obstante veredicto, or for a new trial in the alternative, of the corporate defendants and their agents was overruled, and error is now assigned on such judgment adverse to them as well as on the adverse antecedent rulings.
1. The plaintiffs in error demurred to several paragraphs of the petition on the grounds that they set forth no grounds for the recovery of damages. See Ayers v. Young, 210 Ga. 441, 442 ( 80 S.E.2d 801).
One allegation of negligence so demurred to was that the north front part of the auto carrier projected into the intersection of Peterson Avenue and Franklin Street about fourteen inches in violation of the Act of 1953 (Ga. L. 1953, Nov. Sess., pp. 556, 597; Code Ann. § 68-1670); and another was that such auto carrier was parked within twenty feet of a cross walk at an intersection in violation of the same statute.
In order to make the plaintiffs in error liable to the plaintiff in the trial court for the violation of such statute it must appear that the violation was negligence as to plaintiff's deceased son. See Backers v. Cedartown Coca-Cola Bottling Co., 106 Ga. App. 764, 765 ( 128 S.E.2d 355). In that case it was held that an ordinance which prohibited parking except on the right side of the street in the direction in which the vehicle was facing was not passed for the purpose of "prevention of the hazards of obstructions to sight by parked vehicles" and the ordinance was not for the protection of a pedestrian who stepped out from behind such parked vehicle into the path of an oncoming vehicle.
In the present case the statute prohibiting parking in an intersection or within twenty feet of a crosswalk at an intersection was for the purpose of preventing intersection collisions (collisions between vehicles approaching intersections from the intersecting streets) and for the prevention of hazards of obstructions to sight between pedestrians and motorists by parked vehicles, and the violation of such statute would in no way be negligence as to one striking the rear of the parked carrier. See also Williams v. Grier, 196 Ga. 327 (1) ( 26 S.E.2d 698). Accordingly, the trial court erred in overruling the demurrers attacking the allegations dealing with the violation of the Act prohibiting parking within an intersection and within twenty feet of a crosswalk at an intersection since such alleged violations were not negligence as to the plaintiff's deceased son.
2. The plaintiffs in error demurred to a pleaded ordinance which provided: "No vehicle of any description shall be left standing on the street in dark or shadowy places without a red light in the rear; and such vehicle must conform to the laws regulating the parking of vehicles." Under the decision of the Supreme Court in Teague v. Keith, 214 Ga. 853 (1) ( 108 S.E.2d 489), and the decisions there cited, while the ordinance may be too vague and indefinite to authorize a conviction for its violation, yet it is not too indefinite to furnish a rule of civil conduct. The trial court did not err in overruling the special demurrers to such allegations of the petition, nor was it error to admit such ordinance into evidence on the trial of the case as complained of in special ground 4 of the amended motion for new trial.
3. The plaintiffs in error demurred to a pleaded ordinance of the City of Douglas which provided: "No owner of automobile, or automobile truck or garage owner or any employee of any garage shall park any automobile or auto truck or any like propelled vehicle, that has been left in the care of garage owners or garage employees for repairs, on the streets within said city, and they shall be required to keep same in building. No repair work shall be done on any automobile or auto truck while same is standing on streets." A violation of this ordinance would show no actionable negligence as to the plaintiff for if the trailer was otherwise legally parked the fact that A rather than B parked or owned the trailer could not make such parking negligence. As shown in the first division, supra, before the violation would constitute actionable negligence it must be for the protection of the class of persons of which the plaintiff's deceased son was a member. Obviously, the ordinance was for the purpose of keeping legal parking places from being used as a part of the garage operator's premises and from being used for the storage of vehicles to the exclusion of temporary or transient parking. The trial court erred in overruling the demurrers attacking such ordinance and in admitting such ordinance into evidence over the objections of the plaintiffs in error.
4. The remaining special demurrers have been carefully examined and were properly overruled. The petition set forth a cause of action and the trial court properly overruled the general demurrers of the plaintiffs in error.
5. No harmful error is shown by special ground numbered 6 of the amended motion for new trial which complained that the trial court erred in admitting into evidence Rule 35B of the Georgia Public Service Commission. This rule, identical in language with section 110 (b) of the Act of 1953 (Ga. L. 1953, Nov. Sess., pp. 556, 606; Code Ann. § 68-1710 (b)), placed no duty on the plaintiffs in error that was not already there by the Act of 1953, and its introduction into evidence, if error, was harmless.
6. Special ground 7 of the amended motion for new trial assigns error on the instructions given in the court's charge as to the plaintiff's contentions because none of the defendants' contentions were given.
The assignment of error is based on the charge given. The charge given was not error, and it is never error to give a correct instruction because another correct instruction was not also given. Floyd v. City of Albany, 105 Ga. App. 31, 35 ( 123 S.E.2d 446); Pendry v. Addison, 105 Ga. App. 673 ( 125 S.E.2d 523), and citations. This ground of the motion for new trial shows no reversible error, but see Atlanta Consolidated St. R. Co. v. Hardage, 93 Ga. 457 (4) ( 21 S.E. 100); and Macon R. c. Co. v. Southern Bell Telephone c. Co., 20 Ga. App. 827 ( 93 S.E. 531).
7. Special ground 8 of the amended motion for new trial assigns error on the failure of the trial court to charge, without request, on the possibility of a diminution of earnings of the deceased in his declining years. Whether the assignment of error be tested by the rule set forth in Draper Canning Co. v. Dempsey, 91 Ga. App. 593, 597 (b) ( 86 S.E.2d 678); Williams v. Young, 105 Ga. App. 391, 400 (4) ( 124 S.E.2d 795); or the special concurrence in Thomas v. Barnett, 107 Ga. App. 717, 730 ( 131 S.E.2d 818), this assignment of error shows no error in the present case.
8. Special ground 9 of the motion for new trial, when considered with the remainder of the charge, did not amount to an expression of opinion by the trial court.
9. The petition alleged the violation of certain provisions of the Uniform Act Regulating Traffic on Highways which provisions are applicable within municipalities, National Upholstery Co. v. Padgett, 108 Ga. App. 857 ( 134 S.E.2d 856), the violation of a municipal ordinance (see Division 2, supra), as well as acts of common law negligence. The plaintiff introduced evidence in support of such allegations, and a verdict for the plaintiffs in error was not demanded. Accordingly, the trial court did not err in overruling the motion for a judgment non obstante veredicto made by the plaintiffs in error.
10. The remaining special grounds of the amended motion for new trial will not be considered in as much as the case must be reversed because of rulings on special demurrers, and the errors complained of in such remaining special grounds will probably not recur.
Judgment reversed in part; affirmed in part. Hall and Russell, JJ., concur.