Not overruled or negatively treated on appealinfoCoverage
U.S. Supreme CourtJun 18, 2018
138 S. Ct. 1973 (2018)

Cases citing this case

How cited

  • Reynolds v. Florida

    …I dissented again after the Florida Supreme Court ultimately did take up the question, and I noted the need…

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No. 17–8148.



The petition for a writ of certiorari is denied.

Justice SOTOMAYOR, dissenting from the denial of certiorari.

Like a number of other capital defendants in Florida, petitioner Leo Louis Kaczmar has raised an important Eighth Amendment challenge to his death sentence that went unaddressed by the Florida Supreme Court. Specifically, he argues that the jury instructions in his case impermissibly diminished the jurors' sense of responsibility as to the ultimate determination of death, in violation of Caldwell v. Mississippi, 472 U.S. 320, 105 S.Ct. 2633, 86 L.Ed.2d 231 (1985). I have thrice dissented from this Court's unwillingness to intervene in the face of the Florida Supreme Court's failure to address this important question. See Guardado v. Florida, 584 U.S. ––––, ––––, 138 S.Ct. 1131, 200 L.Ed.2d 729 (2018) ; Middleton v. Florida, 583 U.S. ––––, ––––, 138 S.Ct. 829, 200 L.Ed.2d 326 (2018) ; Truehill v. Florida, 583 U.S. ––––, ––––, 138 S.Ct. 3, 199 L.Ed.2d 272 (2017). Recently, "[i]n light of the dissenting opinions to the denial of certiorari," the Florida Supreme Court in another capital case finally set out to "explicitly address" the Caldwell claim. Reynolds v. State, ––– So.3d ––––, n. 8, 2018 WL 1633075, *5, n. 8 (Fla. Apr. 5, 2018) (per curiam ). The resulting opinion, however, gathered the support only of a plurality, so the issue remains without definitive resolution by the Florida Supreme Court. Thus, for the reasons previously stated in Truehill, Middleton, and Guardado, I again respectfully dissent from the denial of certiorari.

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