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Jovel v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 2, 2010
402 F. App'x 273 (9th Cir. 2010)

Opinion

No. 09-71919.

Submitted October 19, 2010.

The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).

Filed November 2, 2010.

Adilso Ismael Jovel, Napa, CA, pro se.

Jennifer Parker Levings, Senior Litigation Counsel, Kristin A. Moresi, Trial, U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Division/Office of Immigration Litigation, Washington, DC, Ronald E. Lefevre, Office of the District Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, for Respondent.

On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. Agency No. A076-859-268.

Before: O'SCANNLAIN, LEAVY, and TALLMAN, Circuit Judges.



MEMORANDUM

This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.

Adilso Ismael Jovel, a native and citizen of El Salvador, petitions pro se for review of the Board of Immigration Appeals' ("BIA") order dismissing his appeal from an immigration judge's ("IJ") removal order. We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. We review de novo questions of law, Barrios v. Holder, 581 F.3d 849, 854 (9th Cir. 2009), and we grant the petition for review.

The BIA erred in determining that Jovel was ineligible for a waiver of inadmissibility under section 209(c), 8 U.S.C. § 1159(c), because he previously adjusted his status, where Jovel was not requesting to readjust his status but to apply for the waiver nunc pro tunc. Cf. Robleto-Pastora v. Holder, 591 F.3d 1051, 1059-60 (9th Cir. 2010) (no readjustment of status with a section 209(c) waiver where he became inadmissible subsequent to his initial adjustment). At the time United States Citizenship and Immigration Services approved Jovel's adjustment of status application, he was al-ready inadmissible under 8 U.S.C. § 1182(a)(2)(A)(i)(II) and therefore needed a section 209(c) waiver to adjust. Because it is unclear whether he was ever afforded an opportunity to apply for the waiver, the IJ should have informed him of his potential eligibility for such a waiver nunc pro tunc and explored the issue with him. See United States v. Arrieta, 224 F.3d 1076, 1079 (9th Cir. 2000). Because neither the BIA nor the IJ addressed the availability of this type of nunc pro tunc relief, we remand for the a determination of whether the agency may retroactively grant Jovel a section 209(c) waiver nunc pro tunc.

In light of our disposition, we do not reach Jovel's remaining contentions.

PETITION FOR REVIEW GRANTED; REMANDED.


Summaries of

Jovel v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
Nov 2, 2010
402 F. App'x 273 (9th Cir. 2010)
Case details for

Jovel v. Holder

Case Details

Full title:Adilso Ismael JOVEL, a.k.a. Jose Carlos, Petitioner, v. Eric H. HOLDER…

Court:United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit

Date published: Nov 2, 2010

Citations

402 F. App'x 273 (9th Cir. 2010)