CIVIL ACTION NO. 5:15-CV-201-GNS-LLK
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
This matter is before the Court on the Court's sua sponte motion to determine whether subject matter jurisdiction exists. Based upon the Court's review of the Complaint, the parties are not diverse as required by 28 U.S.C. § 1332. Because there is no other basis for jurisdiction, the Court will dismiss all claims asserted in the Complaint without prejudice due to lack of subject matter jurisdiction.
I. STATEMENT OF FACTS
As alleged in the Complaint, Plaintiff Melissa R. Johnson ("Johnson") is a resident of Kentucky. (Compl. ¶ 1, DN 1). Defendant Yum! Brands, Inc. d/b/a Taco Bell ("Taco Bell") has is principal place of business in Kentucky, which Defendants deny. (Compl. ¶ 2; Answer ¶ 2, DN 8). Defendant Yum! Brands, Inc. ("Yum! Brands") is a foreign corporation but has its principal place of business in Kentucky, which Defendants admit. (Compl. ¶ 3, Answer ¶ 3). Defendant Taco Bell Corporation ("Taco Bell Corporation") is incorporated and has its principal place of business in California, which Defendants admit. (Compl. ¶ 4; Answer ¶ 4). Taco Bell of America, LLC ("Taco Bell of America") is a limited liability company organized in Delaware but with its principal place of business in California, which Defendants admit. (Compl. ¶ 5; Answer ¶ 5). Johnson alleges that her damages exceed the jurisdictional limits of the Court. (Compl. ¶ 6).
On April 12, 2015, Johnson alleges that she purchased food from Defendants at a restaurant located in Hopkinsville, Kentucky. (Compl. ¶ 12). Unbeknownst to Johnson, there was a piece of plastic in the food, and she was injured when she attempted to consume the food. (Compl. ¶¶ 13-17). In the Complaint, Johnson asserts negligence and product liability claims against Defendants. (Compl. ¶¶ 18-28).
In relevant part, 28 U.S.C. § 1332 provides that "[t]he district courts shall have original jurisdiction of all civil actions where the matter in controversy exceeds the sum or value of $75,000, exclusive of interest and costs, and is between—(1) citizens of different States . . . ." 28 U.S.C. § 1332 (a)(1). The Supreme Court has held that this Congressional grant of jurisdiction requires complete diversity of citizenship. See Caterpillar Inc. v. Lewis, 519 U.S. 61, 68 (1996) (citing Strawbridge v. Curtiss, 7 U.S. (3 Cranch) 267, 267 (1806)). Complete diversity does not exist, however, when a plaintiff is "a citizen of the same state as any defendant." Shea v. State Farm Ins. Cos., 2 F. App'x 478, 479 (6th Cir. 2001) (citations omitted).
In this case, there is not complete diversity between Plaintiff and Defendants. As outlined above, Johnson is a resident of Kentucky, and Yum! Brands is also a Kentucky resident because it has its principal place of business in Kentucky. See Phelps v. Nationwide Ins. Co., 37 F. App'x 752, 753 (6th Cir. 2002). Because complete diversity does not exist, this Court lacks subject matter jurisdiction of this action under 28 U.S.C. § 1332.
Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that all claims be DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.
Greg N. Stivers, Judge
United States District Court
October 27, 2015 cc: counsel of record