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Jinrong Yu v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.Page 222
Nov 23, 2010
404 F. App'x 221 (9th Cir. 2010)


No. 07-72285.

Submitted November 16, 2010.

The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed.R.App.P. 34(a)(2).

Filed November 23, 2010.

John L. Ogletree, Ogletree, Deakins, Nash, Smoak Stewart, P.C., Los Angeles, CA, for Petitioner.

Chief Counsel Ice, Office of the Chief Counsel, Department of Homeland Security, San Francisco, CA, Nehal Kamani, OIL Aviva Poczter, Senior Litigation Counsel, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, DC, for Respondent.

On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals. Agency No. A095-449-877.

Before: TASHIMA, BERZON, and CLIFTON, Circuit Judges.


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.

Jinrong Yu, a native and citizen of China, petitions for review of an order of the Board of Immigration Appeals ("BIA") dismissing his appeal from an immigration judge's decision denying his application for withholding of removal and relief under the Convention Against Torture ("CAT"). We have jurisdiction under 8 U.S.C. § 1252. When the BIA cites Matter of Burbano, 20 I. N. Dec. 872 (BIA 1994), and does not express disagreement with any part of the immigration judge's decision, the BIA adopts the immigration judge's decision in its entirety and we review that decision. See, e.g., Joseph v. Holder, 600 F.3d 1235, 1239-40 (9th Cir. 2010). We review factual findings for substantial evidence. See, e.g., Zehatye v. Gonzales, 453 F.3d 1182, 1184-85 (9th Cir. 2006). We grant the petition for review and we remand.

Yu credibly testified that Chinese authorities arrested and detained him for five days because of his Falun Gong activities. During the detention, Yu received one meal each day, and his captors beat him with an electric baton, resulting in pain and injury that required medical attention. Yu also credibly testified that since his departure from China, police have contacted his wife and threatened to arrest him if he returns to China. The BIA found that Yu established a nexus between his Falun Gong practice and his mistreatment by Chinese authorities, but did not address whether Yu suffered past persecution. We remand for the agency to consider that question in the first instance. See INS v. Ventura, 537 U.S. 12, 18, 123 S.Ct. 353, 154 L.Ed.2d 272 (2002) (per curiam).

The BIA determined that Yu failed to establish eligibility for withholding of removal because Yu's family in China did not experience prolonged scrutiny or continuing harm on account of Yu's practice of Falun Gong, as did the petitioner's family in Zhang v. Ashcroft, 388 F.3d 713 (9th Cir. 2004). Substantial evidence does not support this determination. Yu, unlike the petitioner in Zhang, is not similarly situated to his family members. See Zhao v. Mukasey, 540 F.3d 1027, 1031 (9th Cir. 2008) ("[T]he wellbeing of others who have stayed behind in a country is only relevant when those others are similarly situated to the petitioners.").

Accordingly, we grant the petition for review as to Yu's withholding-of-removal claim and remand. See Zhou v. Gonzales, 437 F.3d 860, 870-71 (9th Cir. 2006); Zhang, 388 F.3d at 718-21; see also Zhao, 540 F.3d at 1030 n. 3 (concluding, in the asylum context, that the petitioners were eligible for asylum where they were arrested and physically abused during their detention, and where authorities had identified them as Falun Gong adherents and had shown continuing interest in them).

We also grant the petition for review as to Yu's CAT claim and remand for the agency to reconsider the claim in light of all the evidence in the record, including the country reports. See Aguilar-Ramos v. Holder, 594 F.3d 701, 705 n. 6 (9th Cir. 2010).


Summaries of

Jinrong Yu v. Holder

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.Page 222
Nov 23, 2010
404 F. App'x 221 (9th Cir. 2010)
Case details for

Jinrong Yu v. Holder

Case Details

Full title:JINRONG YU, Petitioner v. Eric H. HOLDER, Jr., Attorney General, Respondent

Court:United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.Page 222

Date published: Nov 23, 2010


404 F. App'x 221 (9th Cir. 2010)