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Jenkins v. State

Court of Appeals of Georgia
Feb 2, 1995
454 S.E.2d 543 (Ga. Ct. App. 1995)




Robbery by force. Chatham Superior Court. Before Judge Brannen.

C. Jackson Burch, for appellant.

Spencer Lawton, Jr., District Attorney, Ann M. Elmore, Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.

James Lee Jenkins appeals his conviction of robbery by force. He contends the trial court erred by admitting his statement in evidence, by allowing in evidence the hearsay statement of the victim and the victim's identification of Jenkins, and by refusing to redact his aliases from the indictment. Jenkins also contends the verdict was greatly against the weight of the evidence. Held:

1. On appeal this court reviews the sufficiency, not the weight, of the evidence and we view the evidence in the light most favorable to the jury's verdict. Thus, we have no power to grant a new trial based on the weight of the evidence. Considering the evidence as we must, we find ample evidence to sustain this conviction within the meaning of Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U.S. 307 (99 SC 2781, 61 L.Ed.2d 560). In addition to his identification by the victim, when he was apprehended, Jenkins had in his possession property taken from the victim.

2. Jenkins' contention that the trial court erred by allowing the victim to read his prior consistent statement is without merit. Edwards v. State, 255 Ga. 149, 150-151 ( 335 S.E.2d 869). Although Jenkins asks us to reject this precedent of our Supreme Court and adopt another approach, this court has no such authority. Moreover, our law authorizes rehabilitation of witnesses through prior consistent statements. Knight v. State, 210 Ga. App. 228, 230 ( 435 S.E.2d 682).

3. Jenkins also contends that his identification by the victim was impermissibly tainted and, thus, inadmissible because he was identified in a showup as he sat alone in the rear of a police car. The mere fact that Jenkins was in a police car when he was identified, however, does not taint his identification. The victim saw Jenkins four times that night prior to his identification and refused to identify another person who matched Jenkins' physical description. Under the circumstances, as the victim identified Jenkins shortly after the event ( Ingram v. State, 211 Ga. App. 821, 822 ( 441 S.E.2d 74)), and the circumstances of the showup were not sufficient to taint the victim's identification of Jenkins, there was no error. Baines v. State, 201 Ga. App. 354, 357 ( 411 S.E.2d 95).

4. The trial court also did not err by refusing to redact Jenkins' aliases from the indictment. Radford v. State, 140 Ga. App. 195 ( 230 S.E.2d 345).

5. Jenkins contends the trial court erred by admitting in evidence his statement to the police that he had not robbed the victim, and that his twin brother had committed the crime. Although Jenkins contends he had not been advised of his rights at the time he gave this statement, the evidence showed that he made this statement after having been given the Miranda warnings, and that in any event, Jenkins spontaneously made these statements to the police. Accordingly, there was no error.

Judgment affirmed. Blackburn and Ruffin, JJ., concur.


Summaries of

Jenkins v. State

Court of Appeals of Georgia
Feb 2, 1995
454 S.E.2d 543 (Ga. Ct. App. 1995)
Case details for

Jenkins v. State

Case Details


Court:Court of Appeals of Georgia

Date published: Feb 2, 1995


454 S.E.2d 543 (Ga. Ct. App. 1995)
454 S.E.2d 543

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