Argued December 21, 1999
February 24, 2000
In an action, inter alia, to enforce a restrictive covenant contained in an employment agreement, the plaintiff appeals from an order of the Supreme Court, Westchester County (DiBlasi, J.), entered August 3, 1999, which denied its motion for a preliminary injunction.
Andrew D. Brodnick, White Plains, N.Y., for appellant.
Robert E. Levy, New York, N.Y., for respondents.
GUY JAMES MANGANO, P.J., MYRIAM J. ALTMAN, ROBERT W. SCHMIDT, NANCY E. SMITH, JJ.
ORDERED that the order is affirmed, with costs.
It is well settled that a preliminary injunction will not be granted unless the moving party first establishes that (1) it has a likelihood of ultimate success on the merits, (2) irreparable injury will occur absent a preliminary injunction, and (3) a balancing of the equities favors the movant (see, CPLR 6301;W.T. Grant Co. v. Srogi, 52 N.Y.2d 496 ). A restrictive covenant against a former employee "will be enforced only if reasonably limited temporally and geographically (see, Gecder Med. Group v. Webber, 41 N.Y.2d 680, 683 ), and then only to the extent necessary to protect the employer from unfair competition which stems from the employee's use or disclosure of trade secrets or confidential customer lists" (Columbia Ribbon Carbon Mfg. Co. v. A-1-A Corp., 42 N.Y.2d 496, 499 ; see, Reed, Roberts Assoc. v. Strauman, 40 N.Y.2d 303, 307-308 ; Buffalo Imprints v. Scinta, 144 A.D.2d 1025 ;Family Affair Haircutters v. Detling, 110 A.D.2d 745, 747-748 ;Greenwich Mills Co. v. Barrie House Coffee Co., 91 A.D.2d 398, 401-402 ).
There is no evidence that the defendants used or threatened to use any protected trade lists or confidential customer lists. In fact, the record shows that the names of the plaintiff's past, present, or prospective clients are readily ascertainable from outside sources (see, Reed, Roberts Assoc. v. Strauman, supra; Price Paper Twine Co. v. Miller, 182 A.D.2d 748 ; Buffalo Imprints v. Scinta, supra). The plaintiff's reliance on BDO Seidmanv Hirshberg ( 93 N.Y.2d 382 ) is misplaced. The plaintiff's motion papers fall far short of making the showing required to protect client goodwill within the meaning of that case (see, BDO Seidman v. Hirshberg, supra, at 391). Additionally, the plaintiff failed to show that irreparable injury would result absent the granting of preliminary injunctive relief.