In re Kapoor

North Carolina Court of AppealsJul 1, 1980
47 N.C. App. 500 (N.C. Ct. App. 1980)

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  • In re Kapoor

    Therefore, the life insurance proceeds were a "debt of decedent" deductible from decedent's estate for…

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No. 8010SC179

Filed 1 July 1980

Taxation 27.1 — inheritance taxes — separation agreement — life insurance trust — proceeds not debt of decedent Where decedent obligated himself in a separation agreement to maintain in full force and effect "a life insurance trust in the amount of at least $150,000" for the benefit of his former wife and his children, this obligation was fulfilled by decedent's payment of the necessary life insurance premiums, and the life insurance proceeds were not a "debt of the decedent" deductible for inheritance tax purposes under G.S. 105-9 (4).

APPEAL by respondent from Hobgood (Hamilton H.), Judge. Judgment entered 12 November 1979 in Superior Court, WAKE County. Heard in the Court of Appeals 13 June 1980.

Haywood, Denny Miller, by B. M. Sessoms and James H. Johnson III, for petitioner appellee.

Attorney General Edmisten, by Assistant Attorney General George W. Boylan, for the State.


Until 1969 decedent was married to Ruth Kapoor, and two children were born of the marriage. Prior to obtaining a divorce, decedent and Ruth Kapoor executed a separation agreement, by the terms of which decedent obligated himself to "maintain in full force and effect . . . a life insurance trust in the amount of at least $150,000.00" for the benefit of Ruth Kapoor and the children. Decedent established such a trust, and at the time of his death all premiums had been paid and policies in the amount of $151,754.63 were in effect.

The trustee of the life insurance trust collected the policy proceeds. Petitioner, the executor of decedent's estate, included the proceeds on both state and federal inheritance and estate tax returns and paid taxes on them. Subsequently, petitioner sought and received a refund of the federal taxes paid on the proceeds, but petitioner's claim for a refund of the state taxes paid was denied.

Upon petitioner's request for review, the Secretary of Revenue and then the Tax Review Board upheld the denial of the refund. Petitioner then sought review in the Superior Court, and the court reversed the denial and ordered that the refund be paid. Respondent appeals.


The issue on this appeal is whether the life insurance proceeds are a "debt of the decedent," making them deductible for inheritance tax purposes under G.S. 105-9 (4). Our courts have not previously interpreted the word "debt" as it is used in this section. Petitioner argues that G.S. 105-9 (4) must be interpreted to include the types of deductions provided for federal estate tax computation by IRC 2053 (a)(3) and (4), but we are unpersuaded that this is what the legislature intended. The language of G.S. 105-9 (4) does not parallel that used in the federal statute, and we find no indications otherwise that the legislature intended our state statute to reach the same results as the federal one. Accordingly, federal law is not helpful in interpreting G.S. 105-9 (4).

The generally accepted meaning of "debt" is "something owed" from one person to another. See Webster's Third New International Dictionary 583 (1968). Petitioner argues that the life insurance proceeds here are a debt because decedent owed them to Ruth Kapoor under the terms of their separation agreement. Specifically, however, what decedent owed under the pertinent provision of the separation agreement was "a life insurance trust in the amount of at least $150,000.00" maintained in full force and effect, and this obligation was fulfilled by the payment of the necessary life insurance premiums. At the time of decedent's death no debt existed with respect to this obligation.

We hold that since decedent had totally satisfied his contractual obligation, no debt existed and no deduction under G.S. 105-9 (4) is proper. The order of the trial court is

Reversed.

Judges ERWIN and HILL concur.