November 25, 2008.
In an action, inter alia, to recover damages for breach of a covenant not to compete, the plaintiffs appeal from so much of a judgment of the Supreme Court, Nassau County (Warshawsky, J.), dated September 18, 2007, as, after a nonjury trial, awarded the plaintiffs no damages against the defendant Vincent Pacifico.
Miller Wrubel P.C., New York, N.Y. (Martin D. Edel and Claire L. Huene of counsel), for appellants.
Frank M. Graziadei, P.C., New York, N.Y., for respondent.
Before: Prudenti, P.J., Mastro, Fisher and Dillon, JJ.
Ordered that the judgment is affirmed insofar as appealed from, with costs.
The proper measure of damages for breach of a covenant not to compete is the net profit of which the plaintiffs were deprived by reason of the defendant's improper competition ( see Earth Alterations, LLC v Farrell, 21 AD3d 873). Here, we find no basis to disturb the Supreme Court's determination that the plaintiffs failed to prove a loss of profits due to the defendant Vincent Pacifico's breach of the covenant not to compete. The plaintiffs' anticipated lost profits were based on undue speculation ( see Goodstein Constr. Corp. v City of New York, 80 NY2d 366, 373; Kenford Co. v County of Erie, 73 NY2d 312; cf. Ashland Mgt. v Jahien, 82 NY2d 395; Earth Alterations, LLC v Farrell, 21 AD3d 873).
[ See 16 Misc 3d 1122(A), 2007 NY Slip Op 51543(U).]