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Huff v. State

Court of Appeals of Georgia
Jan 19, 1977
232 S.E.2d 403 (Ga. Ct. App. 1977)





Aggravated assault. Clarke Superior Court. Before Judge Barrow.

Jack H. Affleck, Jr., for appellant.

Harry N. Gordon, District Attorney, B. Thomas Cook, Jr., Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.

Charles Huff appeals from his conviction of aggravated assault, urging error with respect to rulings on evidentiary matters. We affirm.

1. Huff contends that it was error to allow the victim to testify because the victim's name did not appear on the list of witnesses furnished by the state pursuant to Code Ann. § 27-1403. It is urged that this section should be given a mandatory construction so that an unlisted witness should be absolutely barred from testifying. This court, however, has consistently refused to do so, holding rather that the statute "must be subject to reasonable interpretation" ( Elrod v. State, 128 Ga. App. 250, 252 ( 196 S.E.2d 360) (1973)) and if, under the circumstances, the purposes of the statute were met, or if the relief sought exceeded the relief sufficient to satisfy those purposes, or if the error was harmless, reversal was not required even though the unlisted witness was allowed to testify in contravention of the statute. Butler v. State, 139 Ga. App. 92 (1) ( 227 S.E.2d 889) (1976) and cases cited; David v. State, 137 Ga. App. 425 (3) ( 224 S.E.2d 83) (1976); Clark v. State, 138 Ga. App. 266 (3) ( 226 S.E.2d 89) (1976) and cits.

This court is thus committed to the "purposes of the statute" standard of statutory construction which, while condemned by the Supreme Court in another context, has apparently been approved by it with respect to § 27-1403. Dagenhart v. State, 234 Ga. 809, 811 (3) ( 218 S.E.2d 607) (1975) and cases cited; Newman v. State, 237 Ga. 376 (3) ( 228 S.E.2d 790) (1976). Hence we hold no reversible error appears here because (1) the victim-witness was cross examined by defendant's counsel two months before trial at a preliminary hearing ( Upton v. State, 128 Ga. App. 547, 550 (3) ( 197 S.E.2d 478) (1973)); (2) the name of the witness was on the indictment as the victim and prosecutor ( Hunnicutt v. State, 135 Ga. App. 774 (1) ( 219 S.E.2d 22) (1975)); (3) the court recessed the trial to allow defendant's counsel time to interview the witness, which was done ( Butler v. State, 139 Ga. App. 92 (1), supra); (4) after the recess and interview the court inquired of defendant's counsel if he had any further motions, and no motion for continuance or other time-gaining procedure was made, counsel insisting on barring the witness completely. David v. State, 137 Ga. App. 425 (3), supra; Grainger v. State, 138 Ga. App. 753, 754 ( 227 S.E.2d 483) (1976).

Literal and formal compliance with CPA § 52 (a) (Code Ann. § 81A-152 (a) is required with respect to findings of fact and conclusions of law even where the purposes of the statute are fully met and the result on the merits is unaffected. Doyal Development Co. v. Blair, 234 Ga. 261 ( 215 S.E.2d 471) (1975).

2. Defendant objected to the introduction of a police radio log offered under the Business Records Act, Code Ann. § 38-711, the ground of the objection being that the police officer identifying the log was not the one who maintained it. This objection, as stated, was without merit and was properly overruled. Welborn v. State, 132 Ga. App. 207 (4) ( 207 S.E.2d 688) (1974). Other grounds of objection to the log not stated below will not be ruled upon for the first time here. Harrison v. Lawhorne, 130 Ga. App. 314 (5) ( 203 S.E.2d 292) (1973) and cits. In any event the witness was the investigating police officer who had direct knowledge of, and who testified to, the matters contained in the log, and this was primary evidence "in the category of a witness having personal knowledge of the facts from which the records were made." Harrison v. Lawhorne, 130 Ga. App. 314 (1), supra. Having so testified, the log was cumulative and harmless. Williams v. State, 135 Ga. App. 919 (1) ( 219 S.E.2d 632) (1975); Hudson v. State, 137 Ga. App. 439 (3) ( 224 S.E.2d 48) (1976).

Judgment affirmed. Deen, P. J., and Marshall, J., concur.


Summaries of

Huff v. State

Court of Appeals of Georgia
Jan 19, 1977
232 S.E.2d 403 (Ga. Ct. App. 1977)
Case details for

Huff v. State

Case Details

Full title:HUFF v. THE STATE

Court:Court of Appeals of Georgia

Date published: Jan 19, 1977


232 S.E.2d 403 (Ga. Ct. App. 1977)
232 S.E.2d 403

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