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Hubermann v. National Surety Co.

Court of Appeal of California, Second District
Jun 17, 1918
37 Cal.App. 569 (Cal. Ct. App. 1918)


Civ. No. 2265.

June 17, 1918.

APPEAL from a judgment of the Superior Court of Los Angeles County. Curtis D. Wilbur, Judge.

The facts are stated in the opinion of the court.

E. W. Forgy, for Appellant.

Bennett, Turnbull Thompson, for Respondent.

This is an action to recover on two bonds, given concurrently with a contract for the construction of a building for the appellant. One of the bonds was executed pursuant to the provisions of section 1183 of the Code of Civil Procedure, relating to mechanics' liens, and the other was a common-law bond, given to secure a faithful performance of the building contract. There had been prosecuted to final judgment, before the trial of the present action, certain consolidated actions for the foreclosure of mechanics' liens on the building agreed to be constructed under the contract. Both the appellant and the respondent were parties defendant in those actions and neither prayed for or was granted any relief against the other. In those cases the trial court found that there was not a substantial performance of the building contract. The appellant, at the trial of the present action, offered in evidence the judgment-roll in the mechanic's lien cases, but the evidence was excluded. The trial court found that an allegation of the complaint to the effect that the building contract had not been performed was not true, and rendered judgment for the defendant, and the plaintiff appeals.

The appellant contends that the court ruled erroneously in excluding the judgment-roll in the lien cases and asserts that the finding of nonperformance in those actions is conclusive upon the parties in this. The respondent takes the attitude that the judgment in the lien cases is not res adjudicata as between the present parties, for the reason that they were aligned together as defendants in that litigation. The position of the respondent is correct. (Code Civ. Proc., secs. 1908, 1910; Robson v. Superior Court, 171 Cal. 588, 593, [ 154 P. 8].)

The appellant also contends that there is no evidence to support the finding of the trial court that the allegation of the complaint that there was no performance of the building contract was not true. Certain testimony which is quoted by the appellant in his brief is to the effect that there were certain departures from the strict terms of the contract in the performance of the work under it; but the trial court, having before it the evidence as to the cost and character of the building — as we must assume it did, there being no showing in the briefs to the contrary ( Paine v. San Bernardino V. T. Co., 143 Cal. 654, [ 77 P. 659]) — might very well have held that these departures were trivial and that they did not affect the question of substantial performance of the contract. The burden was upon the appellant to show that the contract was not performed, and we cannot say, from the very meager reproduction of the evidence in the briefs, that the burden was sustained.

This appeal comes to us under the alternative method. It is provided by section 953c of the Code of Civil Procedure that, in presenting appeals under that method, the parties shall print in their briefs "such portions of the record as they desire to call to the attention of the court." We have been in much doubt whether the appellant has presented to us, under the terms of that section, enough of the record of the trial court to enable us to consider the point first discussed in this opinion ( Barker Bros. v. Joos, 36 Cal.App. 311, [ 171 P. 1085]), and whether we ought not to affirm the judgment on that ground. As, however, the question is a close one and as an affirmance results in any event, we have determined to concede, as a basis for the discussion of the point first considered in the opinion, that the compliance with the terms of section 953c is sufficient.

The judgment is affirmed.

Conrey, P., J., and James, J., concurred.

Summaries of

Hubermann v. National Surety Co.

Court of Appeal of California, Second District
Jun 17, 1918
37 Cal.App. 569 (Cal. Ct. App. 1918)
Case details for

Hubermann v. National Surety Co.

Case Details

Full title:MAX L. HUBERMANN, Appellant, v. NATIONAL SURETY COMPANY (a Corporation)…

Court:Court of Appeal of California, Second District

Date published: Jun 17, 1918


37 Cal.App. 569 (Cal. Ct. App. 1918)
174 P. 79

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