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Howlader v. Lucky Star Grocery, Inc.

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Aug 9, 2017
153 A.D.3d 610 (N.Y. App. Div. 2017)

Opinion

08-09-2017

Shudha HOWLADER, administrator of the estate of Suranjon Howlander, also known as Surajan Howlander, also known as Suranium Howlander, appellant, v. LUCKY STAR GROCERY, INC., defendant, 2100 White Plains Road Corp., et al., respondents.

John J. Ciafone, Astoria, NY, for appellant. Andrea G. Sawyers, Melville, NY (Scott W. Driver of counsel), for respondent 2100 White Plains Road Corp. Zachary W. Carter, Corporation Counsel, New York, NY (Jane L. Gordon and Marta Ross of counsel), for respondent City of New York.


John J. Ciafone, Astoria, NY, for appellant.

Andrea G. Sawyers, Melville, NY (Scott W. Driver of counsel), for respondent 2100 White Plains Road Corp.

Zachary W. Carter, Corporation Counsel, New York, NY (Jane L. Gordon and Marta Ross of counsel), for respondent City of New York.

In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, the appeal is from an order of the Supreme Court, Queens County (Flug, J.), entered September 2, 2014, which granted that branch of the motion of the defendant 2100 White Plains Road Corp. which was pursuant to CPLR 1021 to dismiss the complaint insofar as asserted against it for failure to timely substitute a representative for the deceased plaintiff, and the separate motion of the defendant City of New York seeking the same relief as to it.

ORDERED that the order is affirmed, with one bill of costs.

" CPLR 1021 requires a motion for substitution to be made within a reasonable time" ( McDonnell v. Draizin, 24 A.D.3d 628, 628, 808 N.Y.S.2d 398 ; see Reed v.

Grossi, 59 A.D.3d 509, 511, 873 N.Y.S.2d 676 ). "The determination of reasonableness requires consideration of several factors, including the diligence of the party seeking substitution, the prejudice to the other parties, and whether the party to be substituted has shown that the action or the defense has potential merit" ( Terpis v. Regal Hgts. Rehabilitation & Health Care Ctr., Inc., 108 A.D.3d 618, 619, 968 N.Y.S.2d 380 ; see Alejandro v. North Tarrytown Realty Assoc., 129 A.D.3d 749, 749, 10 N.Y.S.3d 616 ; Riedel v. Kapoor, 123 A.D.3d 996, 996, 999 N.Y.S.2d 475 ).

Here, the plaintiff's counsel failed to demonstrate that he made any diligent efforts to substitute a representative for the deceased plaintiff. Additionally, the plaintiff's counsel did not demonstrate a reasonable excuse for failing to seek a substitution. Further, the plaintiff's counsel failed to submit an affidavit of merit, and did not rebut the contention of the defendant 2100 White Plains Road Corp. (hereinafter 2100), joined by the defendant City of New York, that they were prejudiced in their ability to defend the case. Accordingly, the Supreme Court providently exercised its discretion in granting that branch of 2100's motion which was pursuant to CPLR 1021 to dismiss the complaint insofar as asserted against it for failure to timely substitute a representative for the deceased plaintiff, and the separate motion of the City seeking the same relief as to it (see Alejandro v. North Tarrytown Realty Assoc., 129 A.D.3d at 749, 10 N.Y.S.3d 616 ; Terpis v. Regal Hgts. Rehabilitation & Health Care Ctr., Inc., 108 A.D.3d at 619, 968 N.Y.S.2d 380 ; Suciu v. City of New York, 239 A.D.2d 338, 657 N.Y.S.2d 1007 ).

RIVERA, J.P., ROMAN, MILLER and DUFFY, JJ., concur.


Summaries of

Howlader v. Lucky Star Grocery, Inc.

SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department
Aug 9, 2017
153 A.D.3d 610 (N.Y. App. Div. 2017)
Case details for

Howlader v. Lucky Star Grocery, Inc.

Case Details

Full title:Shudha Howlader, administrator of the estate of Suranjon Howlander, also…

Court:SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK Appellate Division, Second Judicial Department

Date published: Aug 9, 2017

Citations

153 A.D.3d 610 (N.Y. App. Div. 2017)
57 N.Y.S.3d 429
2017 N.Y. Slip Op. 6067

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