finding probable cause for an arrest and a search based on a witness' 911 call and statement to police at the sceneSummary of this case from McIntosh v. City of N.Y.
May 26, 2010.
Appeal from The United States District Court for the Northern District of New York, Mordue, Chief Judge, UPON DUE CONSIDERATION, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that the judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED.
Robert Lawrence Hogan, Jr., Green Island, NY, pro se.
Gabrielle Mardany Hope, Smith, Sovik, Kendrick Sugnet, P.C., Syracuse, NY, for Appellee.
PRESENT: DENNIS JACOBS, Chief Judge, ROGER J. MINER and RICHARD C. WESLEY, Circuit Judges.
Appellant Robert Lawrence Hogan, Jr., pro se, appeals from the judgment of the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York (Mordue, C.J.), granting summary judgment in favor of Appellees in Appellant's 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action. We assume the parties' familiarity with the underlying facts, the procedural history of the case, and the issues on appeal.
Appellant identified only the September 2009 grant of summary judgment in his notice of appeal. We therefore lack jurisdiction to review the district court's August 2007 sua sponte partial dismissal of the complaint. See Fed.R.App.P. 3(c)(1)(B) ("The notice of appeal must . . . designate the judgment, order, or part thereof being appealed."); see also New Phone Co. v. City of N.Y., 498 F.3d 127, 130 (2d Cir. 2007) (per curiam) (holding that this Court's jurisdiction "depends on whether the intent to appeal from that decision is clear on the face of, or can be inferred from, the notice of appeal").
We review an order granting summary judgment de novo, and ask whether the district court properly concluded that there were no genuine issues of material fact and that the moving party was entitled to judgment as a matter of law. See Miller v. Wolpoff Abramson, L.L.P., 321 F.3d 292, 300 (2d Cir. 2003). The standard is the same in reviewing an order granting an unopposed motion for summary judgment. See Vt. Teddy Bear Co. v. 1-800 Beargram Co., 373 F.3d 241, 244 (2d Cir. 2004).
Appellant claims on appeal that he timely mailed a cross-motion for summary judgment to the district court and Appellees' counsel. However, no one received it, Appellant has submitted no proof of mailing, and Appellant did not contest when Appellees told the district court that Appellant had failed to oppose summary judgment.
A warrantless entry into a suspect's home violates the Fourth Amendment unless exigent circumstances justify the entry. See Payton v. New York, 445 U.S. 573, 586 n. 25, 100 S.Ct. 1371, 63 L.Ed.2d 639 (1980). The police here had reason to believe that Appellant was in the middle of a violent altercation with his girlfriend, who was still in the house with Appellant, along with their daughter. Additionally, the officers had been informed that Appellant had brandished a hammer toward his son, and there was probable cause, based on his son's 911 call and statement to police at the scene, to believe that Appellant had committed a crime. Furthermore, the officers knew that Appellant was still on the premises, although there was no specific indication that he would escape. The totality of the circumstances supports the finding that exigent circumstances existed to justify the warrantless entry into Appellant's home.
As to Appellant's remaining claims, we conclude, for substantially the same reasons stated by the district court, that: (1) sufficient evidence of probable cause existed to defeat Appellant's claims of false arrest and malicious prosecution; (2) Appellant failed to demonstrate any personal involvement by defendants Nardone and Smith; and (3) Appellant failed to demonstrate the existence of any unconstitutional policy that would support a claim of municipal liability under Monell v. New York City Department of Social Services, 436 U.S. 658, 690-91, 98 S.Ct. 2018, 56 L.Ed.2d 611 (1978).
Finally, Appellant's claims of excessive force and intentional infliction of emotional distress are not raised on appeal, and we decline to consider them. See LoSacco v. City of Middletown, 71 F.3d 88, 92-93 (2d Cir. 1995) (holding that issues not raised in a pro se litigant's appellate brief are waived).
For the foregoing reasons, the judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED.