Docket No. 6,945.
Decided December 8, 1969. Application for leave to appeal filed December 17, 1969.
Appeal from Manistee, Charles A. Wickens, J. Submitted Division 3 December 4, 1969, at Grand Rapids. (Docket No. 6,945.) Decided December 8, 1969. Application for leave to appeal filed December 17, 1969.
Complaint by Elizabeth Hoffman, administratrix of the estate of Charles Hoffman, against Rengo Oil Company, Inc., and John E. Rengo, Jr., for damages resulting from an automobile accident. Judgment for plaintiff. Defendant appeals. Affirmed.
Donald G. Jennings, for plaintiff.
White, Spaniola, Knudsen Stariha, for defendant.
Before: J.H. GILLIS, P.J., and McGREGOR and QUINN, JJ.
Plaintiff's decedent, while crossing a highway, was killed when struck by a motor vehicle driven by John E. Rengo, Jr., and owned by defendant corporation. There were no eyewitnesses to the accident. Suit was brought by the administratrix of the estate of the deceased for damages resulting from alleged negligence. The jury returned a verdict in the amount of $25,000 against defendants. This appeal followed.
At trial, the path followed by the deceased in crossing the highway on the date in question was disputed. Plaintiff and a neighbor of the deceased testified over defendants' objection that the deceased habitually followed a set pattern in crossing the highway to obtain the daily paper. Both witnesses described the deceased's usual path. We find no error in the admission of such testimony. Evidence of habit is admissible to show like conduct on the occasion in question. Fay v. Swan (1880), 44 Mich. 544; Werney v. Reid (1922), 219 Mich. 257. See generally, Wigmore, Evidence (3d ed), §§ 92, 93, pp 519, 520; McCormick, Evidence (1954), § 162, p 340; 4 Callaghan's Michigan Pleading Practice (2d ed), § 36.235.
Defendants contend that reversible error occurred at trial when a police officer was permitted to testify, over objection, as to point of impact, other facts and conclusions. We likewise find no error on this point. The opinion testimony contained no legal conclusions; nor did it determine fault. It was properly admitted into evidence. Dudek v. Popp (1964), 373 Mich. 300; LaFave v. Kroger Co. (1966), 5 Mich. App. 446; O'Dowd v. Linehan (1968), 14 Mich. App. 260.
It is also claimed that the verdict of $25,000 was excessive. No complaint, however, is made by defendants that the jury was not properly instructed as to the element of damages. Nor do defendants contend that the verdict was obtained by improper methods, prejudice or sympathy. At the time of his death, the deceased's annual income was $3,600 and, in addition, he received monthly social security benefits of $116. His life expectancy was slightly in excess of nine years. Funeral expenses amounted to approximately $1,100. Ordinarily, courts are reluctant to substitute their judgment for that of the jury on the question of the size of the verdict. The question of damages in case of fatal injuries is largely a matter for the discretion of the jury. Sweeney v. Hartman (1941), 296 Mich. 343. We are convinced that the verdict is fairly within the range of proof and is not excessive.
Affirmed. Costs to plaintiff-appellee.