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Hill v. Supervisors

Court of Appeals of the State of New York
Feb 25, 1890
23 N.E. 921 (N.Y. 1890)

Summary

In Hill, the Legislature enacted a special law to authorize an action to be brought against a city or county for compensation for damage to property caused by a mob or riot. The legislation further provided that "[n]o action shall be maintained under the provisions of this act, unless the same shall be brought within three months after the loss or injury" (L 1855, ch 428, § 5). As the court noted, the special law was "the only authority for maintaining such an action" (Hill v Board of Supervisors, supra, at 346).

Summary of this case from Clark v. Abbott Labs

Opinion

Argued January 21, 1890

Decided February 25, 1890

James Lansing for appellant. R.A. Parmenter for respondent.


This was an action brought to recover compensation from the defendants for the destruction of the plaintiff's property, in consequence of a mob or riot. As the only authority for maintaining such an action is contained in a special law, passed by the legislature in 1855 (chap. 428, Laws 1855), and the objection was taken and is now insisted upon that it was not commenced within the time limited therefor by the act, it is unnecessary to consider other questions, if that objection is sound. By the fifth section of the act it is provided that "no action shall be maintained, under the provisions of this act, unless the same shall be brought within three months after the loss or injury."

It seems that an action was begun within the statutory period, in the County Court, for the same cause; but the complaint was dismissed, for want of jurisdiction in that court to entertain actions brought to recover a sum exceeding $1,000. Thereafter the present action was begun, but not within the three months from the time the loss occurred; and the counsel for the plaintiff, appellant here, seeks to overcome this apparent obstacle to the maintenance of his legal proceding by reference to section 405 of the Code of Civil Procedure. That section provides that where an action is commenced within the time limited therefor, and it is terminated by a reversal of a judgment without awarding a new trial; or in any other manner than by voluntary discontinuance, dismissal for neglect to proceed, or a final judgment on the merits, the plaintiff may commence a new action for the same cause within one year after such reversal or termination. If that section is applicable, this cause of action might be saved; but I think it clear that it cannot apply.

By reference to section 414 of the Code, the provisions of that chapter on limitations are made to "apply and constitute the only rules of limitation applicable to a civil action or special proceeding, except in one of the following cases: "A case where a different limitation is specially prescribed by law, etc." It must be evident that, as this action is brought under a special law and is maintainable solely by its authority, the limitation of time is so incorporated with the remedy given as to make it an integral part of it and the condition precedent to the maintenance of the action at all. Section 405 was enacted with reference to the enforcement of the civil remedies prescribed by the Code, and its application is to actions generally and which the Code of Civil Procedure was enacted to regulate. But this special law of 1855 gave a civil remedy, which is independent of the Code remedies, and in enacting section 414, the legislature, obviously, had in view to except those particular or special remedies by action, which they had the power to allow, and to leave themselves free to attach such conditions as to limitation of time as they saw fit. So, in the law of 1855 in question, they made it a condition that the action must be brought within three months from the occurrence of the loss, and plaintiff is bound by that limitation.

For the reasons expressed the order appealed from should be affirmed, and, under the stipulation of the appellant, judgment should be awarded in favor of the defendant, with cost.

All concur.

Order affirmed and judgment accordingly.


Summaries of

Hill v. Supervisors

Court of Appeals of the State of New York
Feb 25, 1890
23 N.E. 921 (N.Y. 1890)

In Hill, the Legislature enacted a special law to authorize an action to be brought against a city or county for compensation for damage to property caused by a mob or riot. The legislation further provided that "[n]o action shall be maintained under the provisions of this act, unless the same shall be brought within three months after the loss or injury" (L 1855, ch 428, § 5). As the court noted, the special law was "the only authority for maintaining such an action" (Hill v Board of Supervisors, supra, at 346).

Summary of this case from Clark v. Abbott Labs

In Hill v. Board of Supervisors (119 N.Y. 344, 346-347), upon which the motion court relied, a property damage action was brought under a statute stating: "no action shall be maintained, under the provisions of this act, unless the same shall be brought within three months after the loss or injury.

Summary of this case from Singer v. Lilly Co.

In Hill v. Supervisors of Rensselaer County (119 N.Y. 344) plaintiff sought to recover damages against the defendant for the destruction of his property by mob violence during a riot.

Summary of this case from MATTER OF KEEP

In Hill v. Rensselaer County Supervisors, 119 N.Y. 344, an action was brought to recover compensation of the defendants for the destruction of plaintiff's property, in consequence of a mob or riot. The court says: "As the only authority for maintaining such an action is contained in a special law, passed by the legislature in 1855, and the objection was taken and is now insisted upon that it was not commenced within the time limited therefor by the act, it is unnecessary to consider other questions, if that objection is sound.

Summary of this case from Sharrow v. Inland Lines, Limited
Case details for

Hill v. Supervisors

Case Details

Full title:SARAH HILL, Appellant, v . THE BOARD OF SUPERVISORS OF RENSSELAER COUNTY…

Court:Court of Appeals of the State of New York

Date published: Feb 25, 1890

Citations

23 N.E. 921 (N.Y. 1890)
23 N.E. 921

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