CASE NO. 4:11 CV 821.
July 7, 2011
MEMORANDUM OF OPINION AND ORDER
On April 26, 2011, petitioner pro se Gene Allen Herrold filed the above-captioned habeas corpus action under 28 U.S.C. § 2241. An "Amendment to Petition" was filed on June 8, 2011. The Amendment is in the nature of a supplement to the Petition, and will be considered together with the Petition by the Court.
Petitioner was convicted in the United States Distict Court of the Middle District of Pennsylvania of various violations of federal law, and received a sentence of 391 months in 1993. Petition, p. 1-2. He asserts his incarceration violates due process because the trial court lacked jurisdiction. In particular, he asserts, the United States "has no authority to prosecute him under 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1) and § 924(c)(1) for the alleged offenses, committed within the boundaries of the State of Pennsylvania because the State of Pennsylvania never ceded it jurisdiction to the United States over the properties/land where the alleged gun offenses occurred." Petition, p. 3.
Habeas corpus petitions brought pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 address the execution of a sentence, while motions filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2255 test the validity of a judgment and sentence. Capaldi v. Pontesso, 135 F.3d 1122, 1123 (6th Cir. 1998) (citing United States v. Jalili, 925 F.2d 889, 893 (6th Cir. 1991)). By enacting section 2255, Congress essentially superseded the traditional habeas corpus remedy for federal prisoners. Larry W. Yackle, Postconviction Remedies, § 31 (1981). Section 2255 provides in pertinent part:
[a]n application for a writ of habeas corpus in behalf of a prisoner who is authorized to apply for relief by motion pursuant to this section, shall not be entertained if it appears that the applicant has failed to apply for relief, by motion, to the court which sentenced him, or that such court has denied him relief, unless it also appears that the remedy by motion is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his detention.28 U.S.C. § 2255. The terms "inadequate" or "ineffective" do not mean that habeas corpus relief is available whenever a federal prisoner faces a substantive or procedural barrier to § 2255 relief such as the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996, Triestman v. United States, 124 F.3d 361, 376 (2d Cir. 1997), or denial of a previously filed section 2255 motion. McGhee v. Hanberry, 604 F.2d 9, 10 (5th Cir. 1979). Rather, habeas corpus remains available when the failure to allow some form of collateral review would raise serious questions as to section 2255's constitutionality. Triestman, 124 F.3d at 377. The petitioner bears the burden of proving that the section 2255 remedy is inadequate or ineffective. James S. Liebman, Randy Hertz, Federal Habeas Corpus Practice and Procedure § 41.2b at 1188 (2d ed. 1994) (citing Thompson v. Smith, 719 F.2d 938, 940 (8th Cir. 1983); McGhee v. Hanberry, 604 F.2d 9, 10 (5th Cir. 1979)).
As Petitioner clearly challenges his conviction and the imposition of his sentence rather than its execution, and as there is no reasonable suggestion that the § 2255 remedy is "inadequate" or "ineffective," habeas corpus relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 is unavailable.
IT IS SO ORDERED.