6 Div. 567.
January 17, 1935.
Appeal from Circuit Court, Jefferson County; A. Leo Oberdorfer, Special Judge.
Perry Powell, of Birmingham, for appellants.
The decree of divorce granted the husband for the wife's adultery was a conclusive adjudication between the parties of her relative unfitness to have the custody of children. Johnson v. Johnson, 215 Ala. 487, 111 So. 207. The fact that the child, if given into the custody of one of the parties, would be taken out of the jurisdiction of the court and render the court powerless to afford the other party any relief to which he might become entitled under changed conditions, while not controlling, is properly to be taken into consideration along with other facts in the case. Duncan v. Duncan, 119 Miss. 271, 80 So. 697.
Clark Williams, of Birmingham, for appellees.
In awarding custody of children, the paramount question is the welfare and well-being of the infant. A mother may have the custody of her children of tender years even though she was at fault in the separation. Thomas v. Thomas, 212 Ala. 85, 101 So. 738. Children of tender years should be left with the mother. Goodrich v. Goodrich, 44 Ala. 670. Where the wife shows as good character as the husband, it is proper to award her the custody of the children of tender years. Anderson v. Anderson, 165 Ala. 181, 51 So. 619.
The assignments of error relate to the court's decree in so far as it deals with the custody of the child, La Rose Ann Hanby.
Although the decree in form awards the custody of the child to its maternal grandparents, in the light of the facts and the recital of the decree, it in substance awards the custody to the mother whose infidelity to the marital vows is made the predicate for dissolving the marriage bonds. This court in Anonymous, 55 Ala. 428, 432, 433, speaking of the influence of a mother whose life was shown to be blameless, stated as a truism, that: "All must feel, that no greater calamity can befall an infant daughter, than a deprivation of a mother's care, vigilance, precept and example. A mother's sympathy and culture exerts an influence on her life and character, perceptible only in its results. Therefore, courts are reluctant now to deprive her of the custody of her infant daughters, and but seldom, if ever, do so, unless misconduct is imputable to her."
The decree of divorce is conclusive, as between the parties, of the wife's marital misconduct, and her relative unfitness to have the care and custody of the child. Johnson v. Johnson, 215 Ala. 487, 111 So. 207.
To apply the truism to a mother whose life is not blameless, but is dominated by the carnal desires of the flesh, can it be doubted that her principles, example, and influence, if allowed the child's custody, would not be reflected in the life and character of the child?
Our judgment, therefore, is that until the complainant evinces a purpose to reform, this child should not be committed to the custody of the complainant's parents in whose home the erring mother expects to live.
The decree of the circuit court, in so far as it awards the custody of La Rose Ann Hanby to Mr. and Mrs. Guy Moncrief, is reversed, and one here rendered awarding the custody of said minor child to her paternal grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. James D. Hanby, to be kept by them within the jurisdiction of the circuit court of Jefferson county, unless otherwise ordered by said court. The mother, Lura Helen Hanby, has the privilege of visiting said child in the home of its grandparents at reasonable hours.
Let the appellees pay the costs of the appeal.
Reversed, rendered, and remanded.
ANDERSON, C. J., and THOMAS and KNIGHT, JJ., concur.