Gutierrez
v.
451 Lexington Realty LLC

Not overruled or negatively treated on appealinfoCoverage
Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, New York.Dec 5, 2017
66 N.Y.S.3d 463 (N.Y. App. Div. 2017)
66 N.Y.S.3d 463156 A.D.3d 418

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5124 Index 305823/1383954/14

12-05-2017

Pedro GUTIERREZ, Plaintiff–Appellant, v. 451 LEXINGTON REALTY LLC, et al., Defendants–Respondents. 451 Lexington Realty LLC, et al., Third–Party Plaintiffs–Respondents, v. Vortex Electric Co. Inc., et al., Third–Party Defendants–Respondents.

Jacob Oresky & Associates, PLLC, Bronx (John J. Nonnenmacher counsel), for appellant. Lewis Brisbois Bisgaard & Smith, LLP, New York (Nicholas P. Hurzeler of counsel), for 451 Lexington Realty LLC and Flintlock Construction Services, LLC, respondents. Russo & Toner LLP, New York (Catherine J. Fiorentino of counsel), for Vortex Electric CO., Inc. and Sigma Electric Inc., respondents.


Jacob Oresky & Associates, PLLC, Bronx (John J. Nonnenmacher counsel), for appellant.

Lewis Brisbois Bisgaard & Smith, LLP, New York (Nicholas P. Hurzeler of counsel), for 451 Lexington Realty LLC and Flintlock Construction Services, LLC, respondents.

Russo & Toner LLP, New York (Catherine J. Fiorentino of counsel), for Vortex Electric CO., Inc. and Sigma Electric Inc., respondents.

Gische, J.P., Kapnick, Oing, Moulton, JJ.

Order, Supreme Court, Bronx County (Fernando Tapia, J.), entered on or about March 2, 2017, which denied plaintiff's motion for partial summary judgment on the issue of liability on his Labor Law § 240(1) claim, unanimously reversed, on the law, without costs, and the motion granted.

Plaintiff established entitlement to judgment as a matter of law on the issue of liability where he was injured during the course of his employment when a reel of electrical wire weighing 500 to 1,000 pounds fell and struck his foot. Workers were rolling the reel up two wooden planks for loading onto a van when it fell, and although there are questions as to whether plaintiff was actually involved in moving the reel, plaintiff demonstrated that he sustained injuries from the falling reel due to absence of an adequate safety device (see Runner v. New York Stock Exch., Inc., 13 N.Y.3d 599, 895 N.Y.S.2d 279, 922 N.E.2d 865 [2009] ; Aramburu v. Midtown W.B., LLC, 126 A.D.3d 498, 6 N.Y.S.3d 227 [1st Dept. 2015] ).

Defendants and third-party defendants (collectively defendants) fail to raise a triable issue of fact. They contend that issues exist as to whether a forklift was available onsite, and whether plaintiff was a recalcitrant worker for failing to use it despite being aware of it (see Cahill v. Triborough Bridge & Tunnel Auth., 4 N.Y.3d 35, 790 N.Y.S.2d 74, 823 N.E.2d 439 [2004] ). However, even if a forklift was available and plaintiff was aware of it, defendants have not offered evidence showing that he was actually instructed to use it (see Noor v. City of New York, 130 A.D.3d 536, 540, 15 N.Y.S.3d 13 [1st Dept. 2015], lv dismissed 27 N.Y.3d 975, 31 N.Y.S.3d 451, 50 N.E.3d 919 [2016] ; Vacca v. Landau Indus., 5 A.D.3d 119, 773 N.Y.S.2d 21 [1st Dept. 2004] ). Rather, it is undisputed that plaintiff's foreman had instructed the workers to move the reel as they did, and to the extent defendants rely on the testimony of plaintiff's employer that plaintiff was not to blindly follow the foreman's instructions, such overlooks the realities of construction work (see DeRose v. Bloomingdale's Inc., 120 A.D.3d 41, 47, 986 N.Y.S.2d 127 [1st Dept. 2014] ).

Nor is there a triable issue as to whether plaintiff was the sole proximate cause of the accident. Even assuming that plaintiff did assist in moving the reel and in the course of doing so, removed his hand from the reel, such was not the sole proximate cause of the accident, as he was not provided with an adequate safety device to hoist the reel in the first instance (see Serowik v. Leardon Boiler Works Inc., 129 A.D.3d 471, 11 N.Y.S.3d 128 [1st Dept. 2015] ).

The contention that Labor Law § 240(1) is inapplicable because the loading of the reel did not fall within the scope of construction work, is unavailing. Although it was not actual construction work, and occurred in the loading area of the construction site, it was still part of the construction project (see Campisi v. Epos Contr. Corp., 299 A.D.2d 4, 6–7, 747 N.Y.S.2d 218 [1st Dept. 2002] ; see also Prats v. Port Auth. of N.Y. & N.J., 100 N.Y.2d 878, 882, 768 N.Y.S.2d 178, 800 N.E.2d 351 [2003] ).

Furthermore, plaintiff's motion was not premature. Defendants have not demonstrated how the testimony of plaintiff's coworker would present facts that would "justify opposition to the motion" ( Aburto v. City of New York, 94 A.D.3d 640, 641, 942 N.Y.S.2d 514 [1st Dept. 2012] ; CPLR 3212 [f] ).